Central force metaheuristic optimisation


1 School of Computing and Intelligent Systems, Ulster University, Northland Road, Londonderry, BT48 7JL, United Kingdom

2 Department of Civil, Environmental and Geodetic Engineering, The Ohio State University, 470 Hitchcock Hall, 2070 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43220, U.S.A


Central Force Optimisation (CFO) is a nature-inspired conceptual framework with roots in gravitational kinematics, a branch of physics that models the motion of masses moving under the in uence of gravity. This paper presents a review of CFO, its variants, and applications to engineering problems. Example applications include electric circuit design, antenna design, water pipe network design, and training of arti cial neural networks.