Numerical energy separation analysis on the commercial Ranque-Hilsch vortex tube on basis of application of different gases


1 1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran

2 2Department of Mechanical Engineering, Urmia University of Technology, Urmia, Iran

3 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran


In this numerical study, energy separation analysis of a Ranque-Hilsch vortex tube (RHVT) has been investigated for different conditions such as operation of machine under applying different inlet gases. The utilized gases in this study are nitrogen dioxide (NO2), carbon dioxide (CO2), oxygen (O2), nitrogen (N2) and air. The cooling and heating performance in a commercial vortex tube for the mentioned gases has been described in details and illustrated by different curves. The present three-dimensional (3D) computational fluid dynamic (CFD) model is a steady axisymmetric model that employs standard k-ε turbulence model to perform the computation procedure of results. Various key parameters including cold and hot exit temperature differences and energy separation rates are described numerically. The results show that NO2 enhances the greatest amount of cooling and heating capacity among investigated gases. Some of numerical results are validated by available experimental data. Furthermore,a comprehensivecomparison is performed in this article between two different kinds of boundary conditions for cold and hot exhausts i.e. pressure-outlet and pressure-far-field.