Modeling the Effect of Parking Fare on Personal Car Use


1 Department of Materials Science and Engineering,Sharif University of Technology

2 Department of Civil Engineering,Amirkabir University of Technology


In this paper, passenger behavior when travelling to business districts using their own cars,
and when confronting various parking fares, is discussed. The nal goal is to determine the parking fare
threshold (the price at which passengers would refrain from using their own cars) in the central business
district of Tehran. Also, e ective variables that a ect passenger reaction at di erent levels of parking
fare are evaluated. A logit model was made to predict passenger behavior using data gathered in di erent
parking lots, located in the surveyed area. Data have been collected by a stated and revealed preferences
method. Characteristics related to passengers and their trips, as well as their reaction to a rise in parking
fares, were collected by a questionnaire. Analysis of the model showed that a 400 Tomans/hr increase
in the hourly parking fare would eliminate the use of personal cars by the passengers (99% decreases in
personal car use). It is concluded that travel time and passenger monthly income are the most in
parameters a ecting personal car usage.