A Numerical Study on the E ect of Accident Con guration on Pedestrian Lower Extremity Injuries


1 Department of Civil Engineering,Tarbiat Modares University

2 Department of Civil Engineering,Islamic Azad University


Abstract. An FE model of a pedestrian lower legform impactor has been developed and certi ed,
both statically and dynamically, based on EEVC-WG17 requirements. The legform is then utilized in
a series of 40 km/hr pedestrian accident analyses to assess the protection level delivered by a typical
sedan vehicle. The values of maximum tibia acceleration, maximum knee bending angle, and maximum
knee shearing displacement have been extracted for 25 di erent accident con gurations and compared with
their admissible ranges. It has been shown that tibia acceleration is mainly in
uenced by extension of
the area transferring the impact load between the legform and the vehicle. However, variations of vehicle
front-end structure geometry and sti ness in the vertical direction have been found to be the most decisive
parameters in the level of legform knee maximum bending rotation and maximum shearing displacement.