Optimal Allocation of Plug-in Electric Vehicle Parking Lots for Maximum Serviceability and Profit in the coupled distribution and transportation networks

Document Type : Article


1 Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Babol Noshirvani University of Technology, Babol, P.O. Box 4714873113, Iran

2 Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Babol Noshirvani University of Technology, Babol, P.O. Box: 4714873113, Iran


Optimal planning and management of electric vehicle parking lots (EVPLs) can be an effective approach for improving the operation of both the distribution system and traffic networks. However, the limited land areas of cities can be an obstacle for constructing a large number of parking lots (PLs). This paper proposed a model for optimal siting and sizing of EVPLs as well as their charging schedule to maximize the total profit of their owners, while maximum parking demand of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) can be satisfied. In the proposed model, the purpose of trips, number of PEVs, plus their arrival and departure time in different urban areas are considered. Distribution network constraints are also taken into account using linearized load flow equations. The proposed model is implemented in a 37-bus distribution system coupled with a 25-node transportation network which includes four different areas in terms of PEV travel type. The simulation results show the effectiveness of the proposed model to cover the parking demand of PEVs with a limited number of PLs.


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