Analysis of industrial expectations for the integration of human factors from the early design phase

Document Type : Article


1 CSIP-ICube-INSA of Strasbourg, 24 bd de la Victoire 670 84 – France

2 CSIP-ICube-University of Strasbourg, 3-5 rue de l’université 670 84 – France

3 Mechanical Engineering College, Yangzhou University, Jiangsu 225127, P.R. China


To understand how industrial designers, take into account "HFE" in the early design phase, we
surveyed in more than 50 companies. We analyzed their design work and evaluate if they need to
use a new structured method. On the one hand, to provide a real image to understand what is going
in the companies, what they do, use and how they answer this problem. On the other, in to study
the applicability of the proposed method. The answers show us that there are no systematic methods
and tools that integrate "HFE" in the early design phase. Hence the importance of such a method.
22 companies want to work with us to improve their methods.


  1. References:

    1. Sun, X., Houssin, R., Renaud, J. and Gardoni, M. “Towards a human factors and ergonomics integration framework in the early product design phase: Function-Task-Behaviour.” International Journal of Production Research, Vol. 56-14, pp. 4941-4953 (2018).
    2. Sun, X., Houssin, R., Renaud, J. and Gardoni, M. “A review of methodologies for integrating human factors and ergonomics in engineering design” International Journal of Production Research, 57(15-16), pp. 4961-4976 (2019).
    3. Karwowski, W. “Ergonomics and human factors: the paradigms for science, engineering, design, technology and management of human-compatible systems”. Ergonomics 48(5), pp. 436-463 (2005).
    4. Gero, J. S. and Kannengiesser, U. “The situated function-behaviour-structure framework”. Design Studies, 25(4), pp. 373–391 (2004).
    5. Lux, A. and Quillerou-Grivot, E. “Un ingénieur et une psychologue pour une analyse d’activité de production : quels apports pour la prise en compte de la santé au travail lors de la conception des systèmes de production ? Actes de :10ème Conférence Francophone de Modélisation, Optimisation et Simulation - MOSIM’14, pp 1-10 (2014).
    6. Marsot, J. “Enquête auprès des concepteurs de machines.”, INRS, Vol. N°IET / DT – 026/JMs, (2014).
    7. Tihay, D. “Robotique collaborative : Perception et attentes des industriels. Hygiène et sécurité de travail.”, INRS N°250 (2018).
    8. Schønheyder, J. F. and Nordby, K. “The use and evolution of design methods in professional design practice” Design Studies” Vol.58, pp. 36-62 (2018).
    9. Dantan J-Y, El Mouayni I. and Sadeghi L. “Human factors integration in manufacturing systems design using function–behavior–structure framework and behaviour simulations.”, CIRP Annals, Vol. 68/1, pp. 125-128, ISSN 0007-8506 (2019).
    10. Kraft Ch. “User experience innovation: User centered design that works.” Edition Apress, 228 pages, ISBN-13‎ 978-1430241492 (2012).
    11. Cavallucci, D., Lutz, P. and Thiebaud, F. “Methodology for bringing the intuitive design method's framework into design activities.”. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture, 216(9), pp. 1303-1307 (2002).
    12. Sun, X., Houssin, R., Renaud, J. and Gardoni M. “Integrating user information into design process to solve contradictions in product usage.”. Procedia CIRP, 39, pp. 166-172 (2016).
    13. Houssin, R., and Coulibaly, A. “An approach to solve contradiction problems for the safety integration in innovative design process”. Computers in Industry, vol.62(4), pp. 398-406 (2011).
    14. Wan, L., Guo, G., and Dai, H. “Realization of Engineering Change in PLM System.”, Journal of Chongqing University (Natural Science Edition), 28(1), pp. 112-115 (2003).
    15. Pucillo, F., and Cascini, G. “A framework for user experience, needs and affordances.”, Design Studies, 35(2), pp. 160-179 (2014).
    16. Redström, J. “Towards user design? On the shift from object to user as the subject of design.”, Design studies, 27(2), pp. 123-139 (2006).
    17. Slim; R, Houssin, R. and Coulibaly A. Convergence and contradiction between lean and Industry 4.0 for inventive design of smart production systems. In International TRIZ Future Conference), Springer, Cham. pp. 141-153 (2018).
    18. Sun H., R. Houssin, and M. Gardoni, “Integration of user behaviour and product behaviour during the design phase: Software for behavioural design approach.”, International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics (IJIE), vol. 43, pp. 100-114 (2013).
    19. Renaud J., R. Houssin, and M. Gardoni. “Product manual elaboration in product design phases: Behavioral and functional analysis based on user experience.”, International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Vol. 71, May 2019, pp.75-83 (2019).
    20. Peruzzini, M. and Pellicciari, M., “User experience evaluation model for sustainable manufacturing.”, Int. J. Comput. Integr. Manuf. 31 (6), pp. 494–512 (2018).