Enhancement of electrical conductivity of bismuth oxide/activated carbon composite

Document Type : Article


1 Chemistry Department, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics, Universitas Diponegoro. Jl. Prof. Soedharto, S.H. Tembalang Semarang, Central Java 50275, Indonesia

2 Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36 A, Surakarta, Central Java 57126, Indonesia


This study aims to synthesize bismuth oxide/activated carbon composites composed of rice husks for battery anodes and to determine the effect of bismuth nitrate pentahydrate mole variations on the characteristics of the resulting composites. The bismuth oxide/activated carbon composite synthesis was carried out using bismuth nitrate pentahydrate, sodium sulfate, and sodium hydroxide precursors which were mixed with rice husk-based activated carbon. A variation was made for the mole of bismuth nitrate pentahydrate used, while the compositions of activated carbon and other precursors were made fixed. The composites were synthesized using the hydrothermal method at a temperature of 1100C for 5 hours. The results showed that bismuth oxide was successfully formed as a composite in the 8 mmol variation with a composite electrical conductivity value of 2.40 x 10-3 S.m-1.


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