Document Type : Article
Department of Industrial Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
School of Industrial Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Tecnologico de Monterrey, Escuela de Ingeniería y Ciencias, Puebla, Mexico
Attention to a food supply chain has increased recently due to population growth and increased demand for food. Aquaculture development is advantageous as fish is a crucial constituent of the food basket of households. This study first presents a new bi-objective and multi-period mathematical model of a fish closed-loop supply chain (CLSC). The model is addressed by utilizing the multi-objective Keshtel algorithm (MOKA), NSGA-II, and MOSA). The Taguchi method is employed to tune these meta-heuristics to attain superior performance, and the ε-constraint method is used in solving small-sized problems to validate them. The results show that the exact method cannot solve large-sized problems. The solutions are compared in terms of different performance metrics. Utilizing the ‘ﬁltering/displaced ideal solution’ DIS method, NSGA-II and MOKA with a direct distance of 0.4228 and 0.8976 have the first and second performance ranks, respectively. Also, a case study including a trout CLSC in the north of Iran is investigated. The results and the case study show that the developed model can be applied to the proposed solution approach.