Performance and dynamic response enhancement of PMSG- based wind turbines employing boost converter-diode rectifier as the machine-side converter

Document Type : Article


Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Kashan, Kashan, P.O. Box 87317-53153, Iran


Wind turbines (WTs) with Permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) are mostly integrated in power systems as popular energy conversion systems. From the machine-side converter (MSC) structure point of view, there are two types of PMSG-WTs: PMSG-WT with voltage source converter (VSC) as the MSC, and PMSG-WT with boost converter-diode rectifier as the MSC. The focus in this paper is on the control modification and dynamic and transient behavior improvement of PMSG-WTs with boost converter-diode rectifier. In this way, inner control loop of the boost converter current and outer control loop of generator speed are developed and extracted. Next, the boost converter control loop is modified by adding two auxiliary control signals, known as auxiliary damping signal and auxiliary compensation signal. The auxiliary damping signal modifies the boost converter current and provides a damping torque for inhibition of WT torsional oscillations. On the other hand, the auxiliary compensation signal, as the second auxiliary signal, limits the dc-link overvoltage during the voltage dip and amends the WT low voltage ride through capability. By modifying the wind turbine control through second auxiliary signal, the size, cost and rated energy of the required dc chopper resistance decrease considerably.


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