Damping estimation of a double-layer grid by output-only modal identification

Document Type : Article


1 Faculty of Civil Engineering, Babol Noshirvani University of Technology, Babol, P.O. Box 484, Iran

2 Department of Civil Engineering, Payame Noor University (PNU), Tehran, P.O. Box 19395-3697, Iran


Modal parameters of large civil engineering structures such as modal damping ratios (MDRs) are determined mainly by output-only modal identification. In this paper, MDRs of a double layer grid were obtained using output-only modal identification. For this purpose, a double layer grid constructed from ball-joint system was tested. Doing some random tapping on the structure, the acceleration response in multiple locations was measured. The acquired data was processed using output-only modal identification to arrive at MDRs. The MDRs corresponding to the first eight modes of the grid were extracted by five output-only modal identification techniques; namely enhanced frequency domain decomposition (EFDD), curve-fit frequency domain decomposition (CFDD) and three different methods of data-driven stochastic subspace identification. To determine the appropriate model order used in SSI methods, a sensitivity analysis was carried out and the resulting number of order was 200. The proper frequency resolution of 1600 was also determined to estimate the MDRs of the grid by EFDD and CFDD. The results showed that the MDRs of the grid, obtained from different methods, are in good agreement with each other. The grid has very low MDRs, as the MDRs of the modes measured from different methods varied from 0.06% to 0.11%.


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