Determining the Optimal Conditions for the Catalytic Hydrogenation of a Mixture of Tian Shan Coal and a Wide Fraction of Heavy Oil Residues with an End-Boiling Point of 300°C

Document Type : Article


1 Karaganda State Industrial University, Temirtau, Kazakhstan, Republic 30, Temirtau, Kazakhstan.

2 A.E. Buketov Karaganda State University, Karaganda, Kazakhstan, Republic 30, Karaganda. Kazakhstan.


The shortage of natural resources in the power industry, combined with their increasing usage, price, and negative impact on the environment necessitate the search for new techniques of producing liquid fuel. One such possibility is the production of fuel and chemical products from coal via hydrogenation. The transformation of coal into liquid fuel is a complex technical process that requires saturating the initial substance with oxygen. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to determine the optimal conditions for the catalytic hydrogenation of a mixture of coal, primary coal tar (PCT) and heavy oil residues with an end-boiling point of 300°C. The results show the optimal conditions for producing liquid fuel. The proposed technique allows achieving a complete homogenization of all components and producing a highly stable coal paste. This technique also allows significantly reducing the negative impact on the environment.


Main Subjects

1. Speight, J.G. "Visbreaking: A technology of the past and the future", Scientia Iranica, 19(3), pp. 569-573 (2012).
2. Sharypov, V.I., Beregovtsova N.G., Baryshnikov S.V., and Kuznetsov, B.N. "Method of coal hydrogenation", Patent # JP 57-55990 (2008).
3. Nasralla, N., Yeganeh, M., and Astuti, Y., et al. "Structural and spectroscopic study of Fe-doped TiO2 nanoparticles prepared by sol-gel method", Scientia Iranica, 20(3), pp. 1018-1022 (2013).
4. Kooti, M. and Afshari, M. "Magnetic cobalt ferrite nanoparticles as an efficient catalyst for oxidation of alkenes", Scientia Iranica, 19(6), pp. 1991-1995 (2012).
5. Sharypov, V.I., Beregovtsova, N.G., Baryshnikov, S.V., Doroginskaya, A.N., and Kuznetsov, B.N. "Method of coal hydrogenation", Patent # RU 2131904 (1999).
6. Zhubanov, K.A. "Advanced processing of hydrocarbon feedstock as a prospect for the development of the petrochemical industry", Industry of Kazakhstan, 4, pp. 60-63 (2001).
7. Seitov, N. and Tulegenova, G.P. "Geodynamical nature of the formation of large plates of platforms, jointed in north caspian oil and gas basin", International Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 11(17), pp. 9657-9668 (2016).
8. Sanner, M.M., Neagu, J.A., and Farmer, S.C. "Petroleum chemistry in organic chemistry textbooks and its possible connection to public knowledge", World Journal of Chemical Education, 4(4), pp. 73-75 (2016).
9. Frink, L.A. and Armstrong, D.W. "Determination of trace water content in petroleum and petroleum products", Analytical Chemistry, 88(16), pp. 8194- 8201 (2016).
10. Speight, J.G., Handbook of Petroleum Product Analysis, John Wiley & Sons (2015).
11. Pinto, F., Martins, S., and Goncalves, M., et al., "Hydrogenation of rapeseed oil for production of liquid biochemicals", Applied Energy, 102, pp. 272-282 (2013).
12. Hilten, R., Weber, J., and Kastner, J.R. "Continuous upgrading of fast pyrolysis oil by simultaneous esterification and hydrogenation", Energy & Fuels, 30(10), pp. 8357-8368 (2016).
13. Wang, H., Lee, S.J., and Olarte, M.V., et al., "Bio-oil stabilization by hydrogenation over reduced metal catalysts at low temperatures", ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 4(10), pp. 5533-5545 (2016).
14. Gao, Y., Xie, C., and Niu, C., et al., Integrated Process for Hydrogenation and Catalytic Cracking of Hydrocarbon Oil, USA patent 9309467 (2016).
15. Kannapu, H.P.R., Mullen, C.A., and Elkasabi, Y., et al., "Catalytic transfer hydrogenation for stabilization of bio-oil oxygenates: Reduction of p-cresol and furfural over bimetallic Ni-Cu catalysts using isopropanol", Fuel Processing Technology, 137, pp. 220-228 (2015).
16. Ovalles, C., Rivero, V., and Salazar, A. "Downhole upgrading of orinoco basin extra-heavy crude oil using hydrogen donors under steam injection conditions. Effect of the presence of iron nanocatalysts", Catalysts, 5(1), pp. 286-297 (2015).
17. Zhao, F., Liu, Y., and Fu, Z., et al., "Using hydrogen donor with oil-soluble catalysts for upgrading heavy oil", Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, 87(10), pp. 1498-1506 (2014).
18. Aleman-Vazquez, L.O., Torres-Mancera, P., and Ancheyta, J., et al. "Use of hydrogen donors for partial upgrading of heavy petroleum", Energy & Fuels, 30(11), pp. 9050-9060 (2016).
19. Shakhmatakhtinsky, T.N. and Bakhmanov, M.F., Methods for Optimizing Chemical Technology Processes Using Computer Software, p. 260, Baku (1985).
20. Imanbayev, S.Sh., Baykenov, M.I., and Meyramov, M.G. "The kinetics of catalytic-cavity processing of coal tar in the presence of a pseudo-homogenous catalyst", Proceedings of the D.I. Mendeleev Russian Chemical Society Conference: Innovative Chemical Technologies and Biotechnologies of New Materials and Products, pp. 38-40 (2010).
21. Pernik, A.D., Cavitation Problems, pp. 300, L.: Shipbuilding (1966).