Application of tire crumbs on mechanical properties of a clayey soil subjected to freeze-thaw cycles


1 Young Researchers and Elite Club, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, P.O. Box 34185-1416, Iran

2 Department of Civil Engineering, K.N. Toosi University of Technology, Tehran, P.O. Box 15875-4416, Iran

3 Department of Civil Engineering, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, P.O. Box 3414916818, Iran


During recent years, processed used tires such as tire shreds, tire chips, tire bungs, and tire crumbs have been applied in order to improve the mechanical properties of soil mixtures. Finding more bene cial ways of using waste tires, this paper assessed the influence of adding tire crumbs to a clayey soil which was a ected by freeze-thaw cycles. Freeze-thaw cycling is a weathering process which occurs in cold climates during winter and spring and considerably changes the engineering properties of soils. In the present study, a clayey soil was mixed with six di erent percentages of tire crumbs (0, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5) and evaluated by triaxial compression tests under three di erent con ning pressures (30, 60, 90 kPa) after the soil was subjected to 1, 3, 6, and 9 cycles of freeze-thaw. It has been found that for the investigated soil, using 2.5% of tire crumbs decreases the cohesion reduction ratio by about 24% and the resilient modulus reduction ratio by about 6-42% during the cycles. Hence, although the addition of tire crumbs does not considerably a ect the strength reduction of soil during freeze-thaw cycles, it can reduce the changes of cohesion and resilient modulus of the soil, e ectively.