Investigation of particle deposition and dispersion using hybrid LES/RANS model based on lattice Boltzmann method

Document Type : Article


1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Bojnord, Bojnord, Iran

2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran

3 Department of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, Clarkson University, Potsdam, NY, USA

4 Department of Petroleum Engineering, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran


In this study a new hybrid RANS/LES turbulence model within the frame work of the Multi Relaxation Time (MRT) Lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) was used to study particle dispersion and deposition in a room. For the hybrid RANS/LES method the near wall region was simulated by the RANS model, while the rest of the domain was analyzed using the LES model within the framework of the LBM. In the near wall layer where RANS was used, the turbulence model was employed. To simulate the particle dispersion and deposition in the room, particles with diameters of 10nm to 10 µm were investigated. The simulated results for particle dispersion and deposition showed that the predictions of the present hybrid method were quite similar to the earlier LES-LBM.   In addition, the predictions of the hybrid model for the particle deposition and dispersion were closer to LES simulation results compared to those of the  model.


Main Subjects

1. Tian, L. and Ahmadi, G. \Particle deposition in
turbulent duct
ows comparisons of di erent model
predictions", J. Aerosol Sci., 38, pp. 377-397 (2007).
2. Wang, M., Lin, C.H., and Chen, Q. \Advanced
turbulence models for predicting particle transport in
enclosed environments", Build. Environ., 47, pp. 40-49
3. Zhang, Z. and Chen, Q. \Comparison of the Eulerian
and Lagrangian methods for predicting particle
transport in enclosed spaces", Atmospheric Environ.,
41(25), pp. 5236-5248 (2007).
4. Zhao, B., Zhang, Y., Li, X., Yang, X., and Huang, D.
\Comparison of indoor aerosol particle concentration
and deposition in di erent ventilated rooms by numerical
method", Build. Environ., 39, pp. 1-8 (2004).
5. Sajjadi, H., Gorji, M., Hosseinizadeh, S.F., Kefayati,
GH.R., and Ganji, D.D. \Numerical analysis of turbulent
natural convection in square cavity using largeeddy
simulation in lattice Boltzmann method", Ir. J.
Sci. Tech. Tr. Mech. Eng., 35, pp. 133-142 (2011).
6. Sajjadi, H., Gorji, M., Kefayati, GH.R., and Ganji,
D.D. \Lattice Boltzmann simulation of turbulent natural
convection in tall enclosures using Cu/Water
H. Sajjadi et al./Scientia Iranica, Transactions B: Mechanical Engineering 25 (2018) 3173{3182 3181
uid", Numer. Heat Tr. A. Appl., 62, pp. 512-
530 (2012).
7. Holmes, S.A., Jouvray, A., and Tucker, P.G. \An
assessment of a range of turbulence models when
predicting room ventilation", Proce. of Heal. Build.,
2, Espo, Finland, pp. 401-406 (2000).
8. Teixeira, C.M. \Incorporating turbulence models into
the lattice-Boltzmann method", Int. J. Mod. Phys. C,
9, pp. 1159-1175 (1998).
9. Succi, S., Chen, H., Teixeira, C., Bella, G., De Maio,
A., and Molvig, K. \An integer lattice realization
of a lax scheme for transport processes in multiple
ows", J. Comput. Phys., 152, pp.
493-516 (1999).
10. Succi, S., Amati, G., and Benzi, R. \Challenges in
lattice Boltzmann computing", J. Stat. Phys., 81, pp.
5-16 (1995).
11. Sajjadi, H., Salmanzadeh, M., Ahmadi, G., and Jafari,
S. \LES and RANS model based on LBM for simulation
of indoor air
ow and particle dispersion and
deposition", Build. Environ., 102, pp. 1-12 (2016).
12. Sajjadi, H., Salmanzadeh, M., Ahmadi, G., and Jafari,
S. \Combination of lattice Boltzmann method and
RANS approach for simulation of turbulent
ows and
particle transport and deposition", Particuology, 30,
pp. 62-72 (2017).
13. Chang, T., Hsieh, Y., and Kao, H. \Numerical investigation
of air
ow pattern and particulate matter
transport in naturally ventilated multi-room buildings",
Indoor Air, 16, pp. 136-152 (2006).
14. Beghein, C., Jiang, Y., and Chen, Q. \Using large eddy
simulation to study particle motions in a room", Indoor
Air, 15, pp. 281-290 (2005).
15. Zhang, Z. and Chen, Q. \Experimental measurements
and numerical simulations of particle transport and
distribution in ventilated rooms", Atmos. Environ.,
40, pp. 3396-3408 (2006).
16. Jafari, S. and Rahnama, M. \Shear-improved
Smagorinsky modeling of turbulent channel
ow using
generalized lattice Boltzmann equation", Int. J.
Numer. Methods. Fluids, 67, pp. 700-712 (2011).
17. Fernandino, M., Beronov, K., and Ytrehus, T. \Large
eddy simulation of turbulent open duct
ow using a
lattice Boltzmann approach", Math. Comput. Simul.,
79, pp. 1520-1526 (2009).
18. Sajjadi, H., Salmanzadeh, M., Ahmadi, G., and Jafari,
S. \Turbulent indoor air
ow simulation using
hybrid LES/RANS model utilizing lattice Boltzmann
method", Comput. Fluids, 150, pp. 66-73 (2017).
19. Tessicini, F., Temmerman, L., and Leschziner, M.A.
\Approximate near-wall treatments based on zonal
and hybrid RANS-LES methods for LES at high
Reynolds numbers", Int. J. Heat. Fluid. Fl., 27, pp.
789-799 (2006).
20. Jakirlic, S., Kadavelil, G., Kornhaas, M., Schafer, M.,
Sternel, D.C., and Tropea, C. \Numerical and physical
aspects in LES and hybrid LES/RANS of turbulent

ow separation in a 3-D di user", Int. J. Heat. Fluid.
Fl., 31, pp. 820-832 (2010).
21. Spalart, P.R., Jou, W.H., Stretlets, M., and Allmaras,
S.R. \Comments on the feasibility of LES for wings
and on the hybrid RANS/LES approach", Proc. of the
First AFOSR Int. Conf. on DNS/LES, Ruston, LA
22. Temmerman, L., Hadzziabdic, M., Leschziner, M.A.,
and Hanjali, K. \A hybrid two-layer URANS-LES
approach for large eddy simulation at high Reynolds
numbers", Int. J. Heat. Fluid. Fl., 26, pp. 173-190
23. Papavergos, P.G. and Hedley, A.B. \Particle deposition
behavior from turbulent
ows", Chem. Eng. Res.
Des., 62, pp. 275-295 (1984).
24. Li, A. and Ahmadi, G. \Dispersion and deposition of
spherical particles form point sources in a turbulent
ow", Aerosol Sci. Technol., 16, pp. 209-226
25. Liu, D.L. and Nazaro , W.W. \Particle penetration
through building cracks", Aerosol Sci. Technol., 37,
pp. 565-573 (2003).
26. Zhang, Z. and Chen, Q. \Prediction of particle deposition
onto indoor surfaces by CFD with a modi ed
Lagrangian method", Atmos. Environ., 43, pp. 319-
328 (2009).
27. Fan, F. and Ahmadi, G. \A sub layer model for
turbulent deposition of particles in vertical ducts with
smooth and rough surfaces", J. Aerosol Sci., 24, pp.
45-64 (1993).
28. Zhang, H. and Ahmadi, G. \Aerosol particle transport
and deposition in vertical and horizontal turbulent
ows", J. of Fluid Mech., 406, pp. 55-80 (2000).
29. Salmanzadeh, M., Rahnama, M., and Ahmadi, G.
\E ect of sub-grid scales on large eddy simulation of
particle deposition in a turbulent channel
ow", J.
Aerosol Sci. Technol., 44, pp. 796-806 (2010).
30. Chen, Q. and Wang, M. \Modeling low velocity large
ows in ventilated space at transitional
Reynolds numbers", ASHRAE Research Project
(RP-1271), Purdue University (2009).
31. Tian., Z.F., Tu., J.Y., Yeoh., G.H., and Yuen., R.K.K.
\On the numerical study of contaminant particle concentration
in indoor air
ow", Build. Environ., 41, pp.
1504-1514 (2006).