Modeling of a PIN diode RF switch for reconfigurable antenna application

Document Type : Article


Electronics and Communication Engineering Department, National Institute of Technology Silchar, Silchar,Cachar-788010, Assam, India


The paper proffers the procedure to model a PIN diode RF switch using full-wave EM solver, HFSS and utilizes the switch to built a simple partial ground plane antenna with omnidirectional radiation pattern. The proposed antenna has ability to tune it from ultra-wideband to narrowband mode. The frequency reconfigurability is accomplished by incorporating a rectangular slot resonator and a PIN diode RF switch embedded in the partial ground plane. The antenna demonstrates -10 dB impedance bandwidth from 500 MHz to 6 GHz in the ultra-wideband mode and 1.125 GHz to 2 GHz in the narrowband mode. A parasitic is stacked in the ground plane to improve the impedance matching and a rectangular slot is fused to explore the bandwidth-limiting possibility of the antenna. The optimization of the antenna is done by full-wave EM solver, HFSS and Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) of the antenna is examined using the equivalent flat tissue phantom. A prototype of the proposed antenna is fabricated and execution is accepted by measured results. The proposed antenna has simple and miniature structure, low SAR (0.41 W/Kg), omnidirectional pattern and low cross-polarization (


1.Lin, S.C., Jong, T.L., Hsieh, C.W., and Ho, K.J. Wideband series-fed dipole antenna with balun integrated", J. Electromag. Waves Applicat., 24(17-18), pp. 2463-2477 (2010).
2. Irina, B.V., Alexander, R., Komsan, K., Jiasheng, H., and Dmitry, F. Ultra-Wideband (UWB) planar antenna with single, dual, and triple-band notched characteristic based on electric ring resonator", IEEE Antennas Propag. Lett., 16, pp. 1597-1600 (2017). DOI: 10.1109/LAWP.2017.2652978
3. Lin, P., Bao-Jian, W., Xiao-Feng, L., Xing, J., and Si- Min, L. CPW fed UWB antenna by EBGs with wide rectangular notched-band", IEEE Access, 4, pp. 9545- 9552 (2016). DOI: 10.1109/ACCESS.2016.2646338 4. Elmobarak, H.A., Rahim, S.K.A., Himdi, M., Castel, X., and Abedian, M. A transparent and exible polymer-fabric tissue UWB antenna for future wireless networks", IEEE Antennas Propag. Lett., 16, pp. 1333-1336 (2016). DOI: 10.1109/LAWP.2016.2633790 5. Chandu, D.S. and Karthikeyan, S.S. A novel broadband dual circularly polarized microstrip-fed monopole antenna", IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., 65(3), pp. 1410-1415 (2017). DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2016.2647705 6. Li, Q.L., Cheung, S.W., Di, W., and Yuk, T.I. Optically transparent dualband MIMO antenna using micro-metal mesh conductive _lm for WLAN systemr", IEEE Antennas Propag. Lett., 16, pp. 920-923 (2016). DOI: 10.1109/LAWP.2016.2614577 7. Latheef, A.S., Chinmoy, S., Jawad, Y.S., and Yahia, M.M.A. Ultra-wideband monopole antenna for multiband and wideband frequency notch and narrowband applications", IET Microwaves, Antennas Propag., 10(11), pp. 1204-1211 (2016). 8. Jayendra, K. Compact MIMO antenna", Microwave Optical Technology Lett., 58(6), pp. 1294-1298 (2016). 9. Sudeep, B. and Dinesh, K.V. Bandwidth enhancement of a planar monopole microstrip patch antenna", Int. J. Micro. Wireless Tech., 1, pp. 1-6 (2014). 10. Hall, P.S., Gardner, P., and Faraone, A. Antenna requirements for software de_ned and cognitive radios", Proceedings of the IEEE, 100(7), pp. 2262-2270 (2012). 11. 12. dyspan05 802-22.pdf 13. Rifaqat, H. and Mohammad, S.S. Integrated recon_gurable multiple-input-multiple-output antenna system with an ultra-wideband sensing antenna for cognitive radio platforms", IET Microwaves, Antennas Propag., 9(9), pp. 940-947 (2015). 14. Tawk, Y., Bkassiny, M., El-Howayek, G., et al. Recon _gurable front-end antennas for cognitive radio applications", IET Microwaves, Antennas Propag., 5(8), pp. 985-992 (2010). 15. Tawk, Y., Costantine, J., and Christodoulou, C.G. Cognitive-radio and antenna functionalities: a tutorial", IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag., 56(1), pp. 231- 243 (2014). 16. Gunjan, S., Akhilesh, M., and Ajay, C. Compact recon_gurable UWB slot antenna for cognitive radio applications", IEEE Antennas Propag. Lett., 16, pp. 1139-1142 (2016). DOI: 10.1109/LAWP.2016.2624736 17. Mun, B., Jung, C., Park, M., and Lee, B. A compact frequency-recon_gurable multiband LTE MIMO antenna for laptop applications", IEEE Antennas Propag. Lett., 13, pp. 1389-1392 (2014). 18. Lee, S.W. and Sung, Y. Compact frequency recon- _gurable antenna for LTE/WWAN mobile handset applications", IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., 63(10), pp. 4572-4577 (2015). 19. Pazin, L. and Leviatan, Y. Recon_gurable rotated-T slot antenna for cognitive radio systems", IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., 62(5), pp. 2382-2387 (2014). 20. Ban, Y., Sun, S., Li, P., et al. Compact eight-Band frequency recon_gurable antenna for LTE/WWAN tablet computer applications", IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., 62(1), pp. 471-475 (2014). 21. Sung, Y. Compact quad-band recon_gurable antenna for mobile phone applications", Electronics Lett., 48(16), pp. 977-979 (2012). 22. Erfani, E., Nourinia, J., Ghobadi, C., Niroo-Jazi, M., and Denidni, T.A. Design and implementation of an integrated UWB/recon_gurable-slot antenna for cognitive radio applications", IEEE Antennas Propag. Lett., 11, pp. 77-80 (2012). 23. Srivastava G., Mohan A., and Chakrabarty A. Compact recon_gurable UWB slot antenna for cognitive radio applications", IEEE Antennas Propag. Lett., 16, pp. 1139-1142 (2017). 24. Jayendra, K., Talukdar, F.A., and Banani, B. Frequency recon_gurable E-shaped patch antenna for medical applications", Microwave Optical Technology Lett., 58(9), pp. 2214-2217 (2016). 25. Liping, H., Caixia, W., Xinwei, C., and Wenmei, Z. Compact frequency recon_gurable slot antenna for wireless application", Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., 15, pp. 1795-1798 (2016). 26. Yang X., Lin J., Chen G., and Kong F. Frequency recon_gurable antenna for wireless communications using GaAs FET switch", IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., 14, pp. 807-810 (2015). 27. Rajagopalan, H., Kovitz, J.M., and Rahmat-Samii, Y. MEMS recon_gurable optimized E-shaped patch antenna design for cognitive radio", IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., 62(3), pp. 1056-1064 (2014). 28. diode handbook.pdf J. Kumar et al./Scientia Iranica, Transactions D: Computer Science & ... 26 (2019) 1714{1723 1723 29. HFSS ANSYS HFSS L06 2 HFSS 3D bc.pdf 30. Abbasiniazare, S., Manoochehri, O., and Forooraghi, K. A recon_gurable printed dipole antenna using RF PIN diodes", Micro. Optical Technology Lett., 56(5), pp. 1151-1155 (2014). 31. Ting, L., Xianjun, H., Kuo, H.C., JiaCing, C., Mahmoud, A.A., and Zhirun, H. Graphene nanoakes printed exible meandered-line dipole antenna on paper substrate for low-cost RFID and sensing applications", IEEE Antennas Propag. Lett., 15, pp. 1565- 1568 (2016).