Document Type : Article
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, South Valley University, Qena, Egypt
Center for Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de València, Valencia, Spain
Edge detection in medical imaging is a significant task for object recognition of human organs and it is considered a pre-processing step in medical image segmentation and reconstruction. This article proposes an efficient approach based on generalized Hill entropy to find a good solution for detecting edges under noisy conditions in medical images. The proposed algorithm uses a two-phase thresholding: firstly, a global threshold is calculated by means of generalized Hill entropy and used to separate the image into object and background. Afterwards, a local threshold value is determined for each part of the image. The final edge map image is a combination of these two separate images based on the three calculated thresholds. The performance of the proposed algorithm is compared against Canny and Tsallis entropy by using sets of medical images corrupted with various types of noise. We used Pratt’s Figure of Merit (PFOM) as a quantitative measure for an objective comparison. Experimental results indicate that the proposed algorithm displayed superior noise resilience and better edge detection than Canny and Tsallis entropy methods for the four different types of noise analyzed, and thus it can be considered as a very interesting edge detection algorithm on noisy medical images.