After a manuscript is submitted to Scientia Iranica, it is screened by a journal editor to decide whether or not it should be sent for peer review. Only after passing the initial screening process is the manuscript sent to one or more peer reviewers. Because the reviewers specialize in the same scholarly area as the author, they are considered the author’s peers.
The benefits of the initial screening include:
The goal of peer review is to assess the quality of articles submitted for publication. It is a process by which peer reviewers evaluate scholarly works to assure high quality of published science. Nonetheless, peer reviewers do not make the decision to accept or reject manuscripts; they recommend a decision at most. It is the journal editor or journals’ editorial board who considers the peer reviewers’ reports and make the final decision to accept or reject the manuscript for publication.
Scientia Iranica adopts the single blind type, i.e. names of reviewers are not revealed to authors, but the reviewers are given the authors’ names.
In short, before an article is deemed appropriate to be published in Scientia Iranica, it must undergo the following process: