Document Type : Article
Faculty of Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, P.O. Box 91775-1111, Iran
For the rst time, the problem of impulsive oblique stagnation-point flow on a vertical cylinder along with mixed convection heat transfer due to buoyancy forces has been solved in this study. The
uid at rest with uniform temperature, T1, around the cylinder starts flowing towards it at strength rate of k, and the cylinder temperature rises to Tw at t = 0, simultaneously. The governing equations induced by the impinging flow on the constant-temperature vertical cylinder at any obliqueness angle, , have been reduced
to ODEs by using similarity transformations, and then they have been solved numerically. Considering a sample case of incompressible flow with Re = 1 and Pr = 0:7, the results of Nusselt number and similarity functions of velocity and temperature distributions have been obtained for dierent values of time and angle, . At the initial instants of time, the Nusselt number, regardless of 's magnitude, has large values; for example Nu = 5:1 at = 0:01. As time passes, the value of the Nusselt number reduces intensely within a
short period of time (until 0:4), and then it changes with a moderate reduction rate, such that in the steady-state situation, its value reaches 0.67, 0.61, and 0.51 for obliqueness angles = 10, 30, 60.