Theoretical Physics Division, PINSTECH, P.O. Nilore, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Basic and Applied Sciences, International Islamic University, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
Department of Mathematics, Pennsylvania State University, York Campus, 1031 Edgecomb Avenue York, PA 17403, USA
Department of Mathematics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur 63100, Pakistan
A pressure driven axisymmetric flow in a circular tube, having a non- Newtonian Oldroyd 8-constant fluid in the core, is considered in this paper. The Oldroyd 8-constant fluid is surrounded by a Newtonian fluid in the present study. The exact solution of the governing equation is obtained in the form of an integral which is evaluated using Gaussian quadrature. The expression for the apparent viscosity is obtained. The graphical results are presented for the proles of apparent viscosity for different values of the material parameters plotted against tube radius. It is found that for all the values of the material parameters, the apparent viscosity decreases as the tube radius decreases which is the Fahraeus-Lindqvist effect. The results for the case, when there is no Newtonian fluid present in the periphery, are also deduced.