Document Type : Article
Aerospace Engineering Group, Dept. of New Technologies Engineering, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
In this work, a three-dimensional lattice Boltzmann method is developed for numerical simulation of the fluid flows around the arbitrary geometries in the wide range of Reynolds numbers. For efficient simulation of high Reynolds number flow structures in the turbulent regime, a large eddy simulation (LES) approach with the Smagorinsky subgrid turbulence model is employed. An absorbing boundary condition based on the concept of sponge layer is improved and implemented to damp the vorticity fluctuations near the open boundaries and regularize the numerical solution by significantly reducing the spurious reflections from the open boundaries. An off-lattice scheme with a polynomial interpolation is used for implementation of curved boundary conditions for the arbitrary geometries. The efficiency and accuracy of the numerical approach presented are examined by computing the low to high Reynolds number flows around the practical geometries, including the flow past a sphere in a range of Reynolds numbers from 102 to 104 and flow around the NACA0012 wing section in two different flow conditions. The present results are in good agreement with the numerical and experimental data reported in the literature. The study demonstrates the present computational technique is robust and efficient for solving flow problems with practical geometries.