Document Type: Article
Department of Electrical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Agartala, India
Department of Electrical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Agartala, India.
This paper offers a novel variant to the existing symbiotic organisms search (SOS) algorithm, to address optimal power flow (OPF) problems considering effects of valve-point loading (VE) and prohibited zones (POZ). Problem formulation includes minimization of cost, loss, voltage stability index (VSI) and voltage deviation (VD) and simultaneous minimization of their combinations. Quadratic cost function, effects of VE and effects of both VE and POZ have been considered. OPF formulation considering effects of both VE and POZ are not yet available in the literature. Efficacy of SOS in resolving OPF is recognized in the literature. An opposition based learning technique named quasi-reflection, is merged into existing SOS to enhance its prospects of getting nearer to superior quality solution. The proposed algorithm, named quasi-reflected symbiotic organisms search (QRSOS), is assessed for IEEE 30 and IEEE 118 bus test systems. It shows promising results in reducing the objective function values of both the systems by large margins (78.98 % in case of VD when compared to SOS and NSGA-II and 46.06 % in case of loss as compared to QOTLBO in IEEE 30 and IEEE 118 bus respectively). QRSOS also outperformed its predecessors, in terms of convergence speed and global search ability.