Ultraviolet and Visible Upconversion Emissions in Er3+-Yb3+ Doped Titanium Dioxide Nanopowder under the 980 nm Laser Diode Excitation

Document Type: Article

Authors

1 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, 1458889694 Tehran, Iran

2 aDepartment of Materials Science and Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, 1458889694 Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Er3+-Yb3+ co-doped titanium dioxide upconversion nanoparticles were synthesized by Sol-gel method. White upconversion emissions were observed after excitation of nanoparticles with 980 nm Near-Infrared laser diode. Upconversion emissions consist of red (640-690 nm), green (520-570 nm) and blue (408 nm) emissions. Ultraviolet upconversion emissions were also detected with wavelength about 210 nm. Ultraviolet emissions are probably the results of relaxation from 2I13/2 (220 nm) and 2L15/2 (210 nm) states to 4I15/2. Visible and ultraviolet emissions of these nanoparticles can be used in photodynamic therapy. High penetration of Near-Infrared light into the body tissue makes these nanoparticles appropriate for aiming tumors in deeper tissues in comparison with older methods of photodynamic therapy.

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