RENEWABLE POLICIES AND CHALLENGES BY 2020 IN GREECE: A QUESTIONNAIRE SURVEY

Authors

1 Department of International and European Studies, University of Macedonia, Research Leader of European Research Fund Thalis, 156 Egnatias Str., GR 54006, Greece

2 School of Business & Management, University of Central Lancashire, 12-14 University Avenue, CY 7080, Cyprus; Postdoctoral Researcher under Thales Program at the University of Macedonia, Greece

3 University of Macedonia, Researcher under Thales Program, Department of International and European Studies, University of Macedonia, 156 Egnatias Str., GR 54006, Greece

Abstract

In a notable change from the position in the past, the Greek government is committed to greening the economy and has assumed determined policies and actions to boost the utilization of renewable energy. The aim of the paper is, firstly, to present the latest developments of the renewable energy policy in Greece, the current achievements and impediments in the implementation of planned reforms in the accomplishment of its 2020 targets, and the specific policy measures introduced; second, to discuss the pace of respective developments in other EU-28 member countries; and, third, through a questionnaire survey and stratified interviews with market participants, to verify the achievements of the government towards reversing previous bureaucratic and prone to corruption procedures. Respectively, research survey results from our survey and interviews conducted in the second semester of 2014 are presented. The majority of respondents expect that the targets set in the National Renewable Energy Action Plan will be reached by 2020. The paper and the questionnaire survey have been conducted under the auspices of the European research program THALES, which intends to measure various aspects of the shadow economy in Greece, also including the areas of renewable energy trade and finance.

Keywords

Main Subjects


References

1. Zerhouni, F., Zerhouni, M., Zegrar, M., Benmessaoud,
M., Tilmatine, A. and Stambouli, A., Modelling
polycristallin photovoltaic cells using design of experiments",
Scientia Iranica, 21(6), pp. 2273-2279 (2014).
2. Ghaedi, A., Abbaspour, A., Fotuhi-Friuzabad, M. and
Parvania, M. Incorporating large photovoltaic farms
in power generation system adequacy assessment",
Scientia Iranica, 21(3), pp. 924-934 (2014).
3. Carmo, M., Fritz, D., Mergel, J. and Stolten, D.
368 A. Bitzenis et al./Scientia Iranica, Transactions E: Industrial Engineering 25 (2018) 359{369
A comprehensive review on PEM water electrolysis",
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 38(12), pp.
4901-4934 (2013).
4. Reinoso, C., Cutrera, M., Battioni, M., Milone, D.
and Buitrago, R. Photovoltaic generation model as
a function of weather variables using arti cial intelligence
techniques", International Journal of Hydrogen
Energy, 37(19), pp. 14781-14785 (2012).
5. Ohara, B., Wagner, M., Kunkle, C., Watson, P.,
Williams, R., Donohoe, R., Ugarte, K., Wilmoth, R.
and Chong, M. Residential solar combined heat and
power generation using solar thermoelectric generation",
Journal of Electronic Materials, 44(6), pp. 2132-
2141 (2015).
6. Harman, T. and Zunger, A. Special issue on research
opportunities in photovoltaic semiconductors",
Journal of Electronic Materials, 22(1), pp. 0361-5235
(1993).
7. Faridimehr, S. and Niaki, S.T.A. Optimal strategies
for price, warranty length, and production rate of a
new product with learning production cost", Scientia
Iranica, Transactions E, 20(6), pp. 2247-2258 (2013).
8. Shavandi, H. and Zare, A.G. Analyzing the price
skimming strategy for new product pricing", Scientia
Iranica E, 20(6), pp. 2099-2108 (2013).
9. Zavadskas, E., Antucheviciene, Turskis, J. and Adeli,
H. Hybrid multiple-criteria decision-making methods:
A review of applications in engineering", Scientia
Iranica, 23(1), pp. 1-20 (2016).
10. Tsoutsos, T., Maria, E. and Mathioudakis, V. Sustainable
siting procedure of small hydroelectric plants:
the Greek experience", Energy Policy, 35(5), pp. 2946-
2959 (2007).
11. Maria, E. and Tsoutsos, T. The sustainable management
of renewable energy sources installations: legal
aspects of their environmental impact in small Greek
islands", Energy Conversion and Management, 45, pp.
631-638 (2004).
12. Zografakis, N., Menegaki, A. and Tsagarakis, K. Effective
education for energy eciency", Energy Policy,
36, pp. 3226-3232 (2008).
13. International Energy Agency, IEA, Key World Energy
Statistics (2014).
14. Eurostat, Statistics explained, available at: http://
ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/
Renewable energy statistics. Last accessed on 17/
08/15.
15. International Energy Agency, Energy policies of IEA
countries, Greece review 2011", OECD/IEA, France,
(2011).
16. European Commission ENERGY: country factsheets",
Directorate-General for Energy, V.1.3 (2012).
17. Intelligent Energy Europe, Survey Report: Progress in
Energy Eciency Policies in the EU Member States
- the Experts Perspective, Findings from the Energy
Eciency Watch Project, O.  O. Energiesparverband,
Linz, Austria (2012).
18. Kontakos, P. and Zhelyazkova, V. Energy infrastructure
projects of common interest in the SEE, Turkey
& Eastern Mediterranean", In Energy Systems and
Management, Chapter 25, A.N. Bilge, A.  O. Toy and
M.E. Gunay, Eds., Istanbul Bilgi University - Palmet,
Istanbul: Springer International Publishing, pp. 261-
267 (2015).
19. European Union, Statistical Pocketbook, 27 (2015).
20. Erbach, G. Promotion of renewable energy sources in
the EU", In Depth Analysis, European Parliamentary
Research Service, PE 583.810, ISBN 978-92-823-9353-
6, pp. 1-20 (2016). DOI: 10.2861/062931
21. European Union, Assessing Renewables Policy in the
EU, DiaCore project (2016).
22. Kaldellis, J., Kapsali, M. and Katsanou, E. Renewable
energy applications in Greece. What is the public
attitude?", Energy Policy, 3, pp. 37-48 (2012).
23. Paravantis, J., Stigka, E. and Mihalakakou, G. An
analysis of public attitudes towards renewable energy
in Western Greece", The 5th International Conference
on Information, Intelligence, Systems and Applications,
pp. 300-305 (2014). DOI: 10.1109
24. Bitzenis, A. and Kontakos, P. Energy trade and
tax evasion in the oil sector in Greece", 7th Annual
Conf. of the Euromed Academy, Kristiansand, Norway
(September 2014).
25. Za rakis, D., Chalvatzis, K. and Kaldellis, J. Socially
just", support mechanisms for the promotion of
renewable energy sources in Greece", Renewable and
Sustainable Energy Reviews, 21, pp. 478-493 (2013).
26. Menegaki, A. and Gurluk, S. Greece & Turkey;
assessment and comparison of their renewable energy
performance", International Journal of Energy Economics
and Policy, 3(4), pp. 367-383 (2013).
27. Metaxas, A. and Tsinisizelis, M. The development of
renewable energy governance in Greece. Examples of a
failed (?) policy", In Renewable Energy Governance,
23, pp. 155-168 (2013).
28. REN 21 Renewables 2016: global status report", Renewable
Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century,
pp. 1-272 (2016).
29. Mondol, J. and Koumpetsos, N. Overview of challenges,
prospects, environmental impacts and policies
for renewable energy and sustainable development in
Greece", Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews,
1(23), pp. 431-442 (2013).