A new modulation scheme in polymer optical fiber communications using Jacket matrix spreading

Document Type : Article


1 School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Qingdao University, Ningxia Road, Qingdao, 266071, China.

2 School of Information Science and Engineering, Southeast University, 2 Sipaolou, Nanjing, 210096, China.


To mitigate the high peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) of discrete multi-tone (DMT) modulation in polymer optical fibers (POF) communication systems, a novel DMT scheme based on Jacket matrix spreading (JS) is proposed. Approximations of PAPR distribution for DMT signals are accurately presented. Single band JS-DMT and multi-band (MB)-JS-DMT are introduced in POF transmission link for PAPR reduction. Offline processing and simulations are adopted to investigate the performance of these new schemes with regard to the PAPR reduction, power spectral density (PSD), data rate and bit error rate (BER). The results demonstrate that, applying the JS methodology, up to 4dB PAPR reduction is achieved. JS-DMT is sensitive to the bandwidth range whereas MB-JS-DMT owns the robustness ability against fiber nonlinearity. Compared with some well known PAPR reduction techniques, the proposed schemes can be easily applied to the DMT modem and achieve the PAPR reduction efficiently without degrading the BER, data rate and PSD performance, which demonstrate the feasibility and validity of these two methods in POF transmission.


Main Subjects

1. Okonkwo, C.M., Tangdiongga, E., Yang, H., Visani, D., Loquai, S., Kruglov, R., and Gaudino, R.C. Recent results from the EU POF-PLUS project: Multigigabit transmission over 1 mm core diameter plastic optical _bers", J. Lightwave Technol., 29(2), pp. 186- 193 (2011). 2. Nespola, A., Abrate, S., Gaudino, R., Zerna, C., O_enbeck, B., and Weber, N. High-speed communications over polymer optical _bers for in-building cabling and home networking", IEEE Photonics J., 2(3), pp. 347- 358 (2010). 3. Randel, S., Breyer, F., Lee, S.C., and Walewski, J.W. Advanced modulation schemes for short-range optical communications", IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant, 16(5), pp. 1280-1289 (2010). 4. Peng, L., H_elard, M., and Haese, S. On bit-loading for discrete multi-tone transmission over short range POF systems", J. Lightwave Technol., 31(24), pp. 4155- 4165 (2013). 5. Miao, P., Wu, L., Chen, P., and Wang, X. RCLED optimization and nonlinearity compensation in a polymer optical _ber DMT system", Appl. Sci., 6(9), p. 260 (2016). 6. Nunes, R.B., Helder, R.D.O., Segatto, M.E., and Silva, J.A. Experimental validation of a constant-envelope OFDM system for optical direct-detection", Optical Fiber Technol., 20(3), pp. 303-307 (2014). 7. Tang, Y., Shieh, W., and Krongold, B.S. DFT-spread OFDM for _ber nonlinearity mitigation", IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett., 22(16), pp. 1250-1252 (2010). 8. Lee, S.J., Breyer, F., Randel, S., Gaudino, R., Bosco, G., Bluschke, A., and Koonen, A.M. Discrete multitone modulation for maximizing transmission rate in step-index plastic optical _bers", J. Lightwave Technol., 27(11), pp. 1503-1513 (2009). 9. Karabetsos, S., Pikasis, E., Nikas, T., Nassiopoulos, A., and Syvridis, D. DFT-spread DMT modulation for 1-Gb/s transmission rate over 100 m of 1-mm SIPOF", IEEE Photonic. Tech. Lett., 24(9), pp. 836-838 (2012). 10. Yu, H., Chen, M., and Wei, G. Distribution of PAR in DMT systems", Electron. Lett., 39(10), pp. 799-801 (2003). 11. Lim, D.W., Heo, S.J., and No, J.S. An overview of peak-to-average power ratio reduction schemes for OFDM signals", J. Commun. Netw. KOR., 11(3), pp. 229-239 (2009). 12. Jiang, T. and Wu, Y. An overview: Peak-to-average power ratio reduction techniques for OFDM signals", IEEE Trans. Broadcast., 54(2), pp. 257-268 (2008). 13. Nadal, L., Moreolo, M.S., F_abrega, J.M., and Junyent, G. Low complexity PAPR reduction techniques for clipping and quantization noise mitigation in directdetection O-OFDM systems", Optical Fiber Technol., 20(3), pp. 208-216 (2014). 14. Armstrong, J. Peak-to-average power reduction for OFDM by repeated clipping and frequency domain _ltering", Electron. Lett., 38(5), pp. 246-247 (2002). 15. Jiang, T., Yao, W., Guo, P., Song, Y., and Qu, D. Two novel nonlinear companding schemes with iterative receiver to reduce PAPR in multi-carrier modulation systems", IEEE Trans. Broadcast., 52(2), pp. 268-273 (2006). 16. Wang, C.L. and Ouyang, Y. Low-complexity selected mapping schemes for peak-to-average power ratio reduction in OFDM systems", IEEE Trans. Signal Proces., 53(12), pp. 4652-4660 (2005). 17. Alsusa, E. and Yang, L. Redundancy-free and BERmaintained selective mapping with partial phaserandomisingsequences for peak-to-average power ratio reduction in OFDM systems", IET Commun., 2(1), pp. 66-74 (2008). 18. Lee, M.H., Rajan, B.S., and Park, J.Y. A generalized reverse Jacket transform", IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. II, Analog Digit. Signal Process., 48(7), pp. 684-690 (2001). 19. Chen, X.H. and Lee, M.H. A new spread sequence based on Jacket transform", J. South-Central University for Nationalities (Nat. Sci. Edn.), 22(3), pp. 32-35 (2003). 20. Wang, Z.P., Xiao, J.N., Li, F., and Chen, L. Hadamard precoding for PAPR reduction in optical direct detection OFDM systems", Optoelectronics Lett., 7(5), pp. 363-366 (2011). 21. Zhu, X., Zhu, G., and Jiang, T. Reducing the peakto- average power ratio using unitary matrix transformation", IET Commun., 3(2), pp. 161-171 (2009). 22. Jiang, T., Guizani, M., Chen, H.H., Xiang, W., and Wu, Y. Derivation of PAPR distribution for OFDM wireless systems based on extreme value theory", IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., 7(4), pp. 1298-1305 (2008). 23. Lu, G., Wu, P., and Carlemalm-Logothetis, C. PAPR reduction for real baseband OFDM signals", 8th Int. Conf. on, Signal Processing, IEEE, Beijing (2006). 24. Chow, P.S., Cio_, J.M., and Bingham, J.A. A practical discrete multitone transceiver loading algorithm for data transmission over spectrally shaped channels",IEEE Trans. Commun., 43(234), pp. 773-775 (1995).