Three-dimensional repositioning of jaw in the orthognathic surgery using the binocular stereo vision

Document Type: Article

Authors

1 Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Mevlana University, 42003, Konya, Turkey

2 Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Selcuk University, 42075, Konya, Turkey

3 Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Abant Izzet Baysal University, 14280, Bolu, Turkey

Abstract

In recent years, the binocular stereo vision has become more popular in many different areas because of the latest developments in three-dimensional (3-D) image processing technology that ensures rich information in comparison with other sensor types. This study presents a novel method based on the binocular stereo vision system to reduce the measurement error encountered frequently in the orthognathic surgery.  The main aim is to enhance the level of the accuracy of this sensitive operation. The developed system is not only useful for the preoperative assessment or the postoperative process but also can be utilized during the real-time operation. Additionally, this system provides a broader working field, more practical and healthier environment and less expensive setup. Therefore, the developed binocular stereo vision system may be acceptable for most surgeons. Experimental results show that the average error rate for all of X, Y and Z coordinates in the Cartesian system is 0.25 mm which is clinically acceptable (< 1.00 mm). The binocular stereo vision system would be a helpful throughout the orthognathic surgery to improve precision of the measurement and satisfy the healthy surgical operating environment

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