Probabilistic model of unsaturated slope stability considering the uncertainties of soil-water characteristic curve

Document Type: Article

Authors

1 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Shiraz University of Technology, Shiraz, Iran

2 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Shiraz University of Technology, Shiraz, Iran

Abstract

Many soil slopes are unsaturated and failure of them can be a major cause of damage to structures. Apart from soil properties, the Soil-Water Characteristic Curve (SWCC) is the backbone of any unsaturated slope analysis. Uncertainties of these effective parameters of unsaturated slopes cause the probabilistic analysis to be more realistic rather than deterministic. In this research, the stochastic analysis of unsaturated slope stability is carried out based on simplified Bishop’s method. The stochastic parameters are the input parameters of SWCC in addition to effective internal angle of friction, effective cohesion and unit weight of soil. Based on the collected results from hundreds of stochastic analyses, the probability of failure is presented as a three dimensional surface. Finally, probabilistic model is developed to model this surface and evaluate the probability of failure as function of safety factor and its correlation of variation.

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