Document Type : Article
Faculty of Engineering, Kharazmi University, Tehran - Iran and Post Doc researcher, Tarbiat Modra r es University, Tehran - Iran
Water Engineering Research Institut e, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
In this paper scour and flow fields around two spur dikes with different submergence ratios located in a 90° developed bend were experimentally investigated. The spur dike and the scour rate around the low submerged spur dike is higher than that around the high submerged condition. The ejection and sweep events are the predominant events in the upstream region of the spur dike. The larger peak of the power spectrum and the higher frequencies of sweep and ejection events in low submerged condition increase the scour rate at the early stages of the scour process. Interaction events are the main events in the downstream recirculation zone and may be the principle reasons for the sediment deposition process. The scour initiation region cannot be predicted using variance of the vertical velocity component. However, the estimation of the bed shear stress using the Reynolds stresses can predict the scour initiation region correctly. Strong relationships between the scour rate and triple correlations, quadrant analysis, turbulent kinetic energy flux and power spectrum were found based on the fact that the scour rate increases in the low submergence condition by the latter parameters increments.