Document Type : Article
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
This article presents a new empirical equation for the estimation of horizontal strong ground motions caused by shallow crustal earthquakes. This model is developed empirically by regression of the database which is used by the NGA-West2 GMPE developers with a fault rupture distance less than 60 kilometers. The data set consisted of corrected and processed accelerograms of 1545 strong-motion records of earthquakes between Mw 5.2 and 7.9. Model is a function of earthquake magnitude, distance from source to site, local average shear wave velocity, nonlinear soil response, sediment depth, rupture dip, faulting mechanism and hanging wall effect. This equation was derived by a stable algorithm for regression analysis called mixed effect model. The algorithm was used to develop PGA and PSA (T1) for periods from 0.01 to 10.0 seconds. Major differences between this model with recent developed attenuation relations for the world and Iran were observed for large-magnitude ground motions which were recorded at small-to-moderate distances from seismic source. The results showed that the near-field affected the predicted values especially in soil sites. Moreover, comparison with the attenuation relations developed by Iranian data set confirmed that the equation in this region is sensitive more to distance than to other parameters.