aDepartment of Electrical Engineering, Dezful Branch, Islamic Azad University, Dezful, Iran
bDepartment of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5 S 3G4, Canada
This paper presents a fuzzy interactive approach to find the optimal location of Optimal Unified Power Flow Controller (OUPFC) device as a multi-objective optimization problem. The problem formulation is based on Optimal Power Flow (OPF) problem while the metric function and weighting method are added to ensure the collaboration among objective functions. The objective functions are the total fuel cost, power losses and system loadability with and without minimum cost of OUPFC installation. The proposed algorithm is implemented on IEEE 14-, and 118-bus systems. The solution procedure uses nonlinear programming with discontinuous derivatives (DNLP) to solve the optimal location and settings of OUPFC device to enable power system dispatcher to improve the power system operation. The optimization problem is modeled in General Algebraic Modelling System (GAMS) software using CONOPT solver. Furthermore, the results obtained by OUPFC are compared to that of Unified Power Flow Controller (UPFC) device. The OUPFC is outperformed by UPFC in the power system operation from economic and technical point of view.