Department of Civil Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, P.O. Box 11365-11155, Iran
Institute of Biotechnology and Environment (IBE), Department of Chemical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
In this study, the colloidal stability and mobility of Fe/Ni nano particles, concurrently synthesized and stabilized in the presence of starch (S-nZVI/Ni), were investigated. In particular, the in uence of pore velocity (ranging from 7 to 85 m/d) and injected particle concentrations (0.3 and 3 g/l) was evaluated in a one-dimensional column. Experimental results exposed the ne mobility of the S-nZVI/Ni particles in porous materials. According to the breakthrough curves and mass recovery, the S-nZVI travel distance was limited to the range of 0.2 to 0.4 m for low pore velocities (5 to 7 m/d), and in the order of 10 m at higher velocities (> 50 m/d). Moreover, increasing pore velocity enhanced the mobility of S-nZVI. Results also proposed that the mobility of SnZVI suspension in sand media should be lower than in glass beads media. The clogging phenomenon of the column and the pore pressure variations during the injection period were strongly aected by media type and injected particle concentration. Clogging, due to the deposition of particles, was observed, in particular, for 3 g/l nZVI suspension, low velocities and sand media. Finally, the results indicated that starch stabilized iron nano particles have the potential to become an eective reactive material for in-situ groundwater remediation.