Catalysis and Nanostructured Materials Research Laboratory, School of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, P.O. Box 11155/4563, Iran
Catalysis and Nanostructured Materials Research Laboratory, School of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, P.O. Box 11155/4563, Iran.
This work reports on the synthesis, characterization and application of organometallic complexes as Fuel Borne Catalysts (FBC). Cerium 2-ethylhexanoate, iron 2- ethylhexanoate and copper 2-ethylhexanoate were used as FBCs. Due to their hydrophobic character, these complexes can be easily solubilized in diesel fuel and converted to metal oxides particles, which eciently catalyze the oxidation of diesel soot, also known as Particulate Matter (PM). An experimental setup (pre-mixed pre-vaporized ame) was designed and constructed to study the eects of a fuel borne catalyst on the oxidation properties of particulate matter. To better understand the role of metal complexes on soot oxidation, the kinetics of oxidation of metal-containing soot particles was measured. To do this, particulate matter was generated by spraying the catalyst containing the solution and diesel fuel into a mixing chamber. Dierent concentrations of Fe, Ce and Cu complexes were added to the fuel. The oxidation temperature was reduced by 116C for the case of 50 ppm Fe, a very important factor in the regeneration of diesel particulate lters. However, an unexpected increase in activation energies was seen. This happens when the process becomes less endergonic with the addition of dierent sources of FBC. It was also observed that the presence of an iron complex in fuel signicantly decreased CO emission during soot oxidation.