The objective design of triangular bucket for dam's spillway using Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm II: NSGA-II

Authors

1 Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Water Engineering Research Institute, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Ski jump is one of the most e ective structures in energy dissipation over spillways. Spillways have long been of practical importance to safety of dams. The major criteria in hydraulic design are based on the analytical and empirical methods. In the current study, in order to increase chute spillway eciency, a multi-objective evolutionary algorithm known as the Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm II (NSGA-II) has been utilized to design the optimal triangular bucket angle and chute width. In design method, two separate objective functions have been used. In the rst objective function, equations of dynamic pressure of the bucket, the jet length after bucket, and the scour depth have been used. The second objective function is related to construction volume of chute spillway. For calibrating the rst objective function, characteristics of Karoon III dam have been used as a case study. The di erence between design parameters of Karoon III spillway and those from NSGA-II algorithm method is less than 12 percent. According to the results, if the jet length is considered as the most impressive parameter in the rst objective function, design of the spillway becomes frugal.

Keywords