School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, National University of Malaysia (UKM), 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
Faculty of Environmental Studies, Department of Environmental Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Department of Science and Technology, National University of Malaysia (UKM), 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
The changes of soil organic carbon and soil carbon decomposition are influenced by temperature and precipitation changes. In the present study, the changes of soil organic carbon under climate change scenarios were estimated by the Rothamsted Carbon model in different land-use areas in north and northeast of Iran. The total soil organic carbon was observed 106.2 tC/ha in the study area. The changes of soil organic carbon was estimated to be 980 soil sample under A2 and B2 senarios by using RothC model in various land-use areas. Future temperature and precipitation data under both scenarios were predicted by LARS-WG weather generator model based on the IPCC AR4. The simulated results of soil organic carbon illustrated that over the period 2010-2065, SOC will decrease in the study area. The simulation of soil organic carbon strongly suggests that SOC levels will decline due to temperature increase and decline on precipitation, particularly in cultivated lands. SOC is expected to decrease under A2 climate scenario by 8.3 tC/ha and 13.36 tC/ha by the year 2030 and 2065, respectively. Likewise, under the B2 scenario, SOC will have decreased by 8.58 tC/ha and 13.81 tC/ha by the year 2030 and 2065, respectively.