Angle design of stator-rotor blades for VLH axial flow turbine using surrogate-based optimization

Document Type : Article

Authors

1 Sustainable Infrastructure Research and Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, 40002, Thailand

2 Department of Mechatronics Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Rajamangala University of Technology Isan, Khon Kaen Campus, Khon Kaen, 40000, Thailand

3 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Ubon Ratchathani University, Ubon Ratchathani, 34190, Thailand

Abstract

This paper demonstrates design of a Very Low Head axial flow turbine using surrogate-based optimization. The design variables were blade angles between guide vanes and runner blades, whereas the objective function was turbine efficiency. A Latin Hypercube Sampling method was initially used to design the experiment with thirty sampling points, and a Large Eddy Simulation was modeled to analyze the flow for all sampling points. A correlation between design variables and the turbine efficiency was then evaluated using the surrogate models while the optimal design variables were identified. Also, several optimizers were used to tackle the proposed problem and their performances were investigated. The optimal design of blade angles \mathbit{\beta}_\mathbf{1}-\mathbit{\beta}_\mathbf{8} being 10o, 20o, 30o, 40o, 25o, 45o, 55o and 65o respectively, increased the turbine efficiency up to 89.87 %. The approach of using surrogate modeling was proved to be very effective and simple for optimizing a design of blade angles of stator-rotor and it can be applied for designing any other new blades.

Keywords


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