Experimental investigation of the effect of one-dimensional roughened surface on the pool boiling of nanofluids

Document Type : Research Note


Department of Mechanical Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, P.O. Box 14515-775, Iran



The objectives of this research are to develop a special surface for increasing the nucleation heat transfer characteristics, decreasing the superheat temperature and postponing the occurrence of critical heat flux for long term work. A laboratory apparatus was built. In order to more feeding the microlayer of the bubble by capillary force of the micro-grooves, the boiling surface was roughened in one direction. Despite the fact that the boiling characteristics of roughened surface are improved relative to the polished surface, the results are not very impressive Although the boiling of two Nano-fluids, copper oxide and alumina on the micro-groove surface resulted in a significant increase in the nucleation heat transfer but this method cannot be used for a long time process because of the continues deposition of nanoparticles over the time and creation of insulation layer on the micro-groove surface. Therefore, simultaneous utilization of micro- groove surface, as well as the depositing of a thin and porous layer of nanoparticles on the surface increased the feeding of sites and the production of bubbles respectively. The critical heat flux and boiling heat transfer coefficient for the surface deposited with copper oxide nanoparticles enhanced by 46.5 % and up to 74.2% respectively.


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