Electrospinning of smart thermochromic nanofibers as sensors

Document Type : Article

Authors

1 Department of Textile Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Textile Engineering, Science and Research branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Petroleum and Chemical Engineering, Science and Research branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Color-transition features of polydiacetylene (PDA) have gained attention in recent years owing to its potential use in a wide range of sensors. This paper investigates electrospinning of PDA and polyvinylpyrolidone (PVP) to develop thermochromic nanofibrous composites. Polymer mixtures at different mass ratios and concentrations were electrospun and characterized afterwards. SEM results showed successful electrospinning of continuous and bead-free nanofibers with different diameters depending on the mass ratio of PVP to PDA. The obtained fibrous mats were then photo-polymerized under UV irradiation, which led to generation of a blue color showing the self-assembly of diacetylene monomers. The colorimetric transition of the fibers was also investigated and a color change from blue to red occurred by heating the fibers up to 80°C because of the conformational alterations in the PDA molecules. FTIR and DSC analysis validated these findings as well. As a result, the fabricated nanofibrous composites are potentially appropriate candidates for sensing applications.

Keywords


References
1. Ding, B., Wang, M., Wang, X., Yu, J., and Sun, G.
Electrospun nanomaterials for ultrasensitive sensors",
Mater. Today, 13(11), pp. 16{27 (2010).
2. Chinnappan, A., Baskar, C., Baskar, S., Ratheesh,
G., and Ramakrishna, S. An overview of electrospun
nano bers and their application in energy storage,
sensors and wearable/
exible electronics", J. Mater.
Chem. C., 5(48), pp. 12657{12673 (2017).
3. Wang, X., Li, Y., and Ding, B. Electrospun
Nano ber-Based Sensors", In Electrospun Nano bers
for Energy and Environmental Applications (Ding, B.,
and Yu, J. eds.), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 267{
297 (2014).
4. Sapountzi, E., Braiek, M., Chateaux, J.-F., Ja rezic-
Renault, N., and Lagarde, F. Recent advances in electrospun
nano ber interfaces for biosensing devices",
Sensors, 17(8), p. 1887 (2017).
5. Yapor, J.P., Alharby, A., Gentry-Weeks, C., Reynolds,
M.M., Alam, A.K.M.M., and Li, Y.V. Polydiacetylene
nano ber composites as a colorimetric sensor
responding to escherichia coli and pH", ACS Omega,
2(10), pp. 7334{7342 (2017).
6. Sun, X., Chen, T., Huang, S., Li, L., and Peng, H.
Chromatic polydiacetylene with novel sensitivity",
Chem. Soc. Rev., 39(11), pp. 4244{4257 (2010).
7. Chen, X., Zhou, G., Peng, X., and Yoon, J. Biosensors
and chemosensors based on the optical responses of
polydiacetylenes", Chem. Soc. Rev., 41(13), pp. 4610{
4630 (2012).
8. Alam, A., Yapor, J.P., Reynolds, M.M., and Li,
Y.V. Study of polydiacetylene-poly (ethylene oxide)
electrospun bers used as biosensors", Materials, 9(3),
p. 202 (2016).
9. Jaewon, Y., Young-Sik, J., and Jong-Man, K. A
combinatorial approach for colorimetric di erentiation
of organic solvents based on conjugated polymerembedded
electrospun bers", Adv. Funct. Mater.,
19(2), pp. 209{214 (2009).
10. Shin, M.J., and Kim, J.-D. Chromatic reversibility of
multilayered polydiacetylene cast lm", J. Ind. Eng.
Chem., 35, pp. 211{216 (2016).
11. Park, I.S., Park, H.J., Jeong, W., Nam, J., Kang,
Y., Shin, K., Chung, H., and Kim, J.-M. Low
temperature thermochromic polydiacetylenes: design,
colorimetric properties, and nano ber formation",
Macromolecules, 49(4), pp. 1270{1278 (2016).
12. Lee, S., Kim, J.-Y., Chen, X., and Yoon, J. Recent
progress in stimuli-induced polydiacetylenes for
3452 N. Eslahi et al./Scientia Iranica, Transactions F: Nanotechnology 27 (2020) 3447{3453
sensing temperature, chemical and biological targets",
Chem. Commun., 52(59), pp. 9178{9196 (2016).
13. Lebegue, E., Farre, C., Jose, C., Saulnier, J., Lagarde,
F., Chevalier, Y., Chaix, C., and Ja rezic-Renault,
N. Responsive polydiacetylene vesicles for biosensing
microorganisms", Sensors, Basel, Switzerland, 18(2),
p. 599 (2018).
14. Sapountzi, E., Braiek, M., Chateaux, J.F., Ja rezic-
Renault, N., and Lagarde, F. Recent advances in electrospun
nano ber interfaces for biosensing devices",
Sensors, Basel, Switzerland, 17(8), p. 1887 (2017).
15. Bhardwaj, N., and Kundu, S.C. Electrospinning: a
fascinating ber fabrication technique", Biotechnol.
Adv., 28(3), pp. 325{347 (2010).
16. Davis, B.W., Burris, A.J., Niamnont, N., Hare, C.D.,
Chen, C.-Y., Sukwattanasinitt, M., and Cheng, Q.
Dual-mode optical sensing of organic vapors and
proteins with polydiacetylene (PDA)-embedded electrospun
nano bers", Langmuir, 30(31), pp. 9616{9622
(2014).
17. Lee, J., Balakrishnan, S., Cho, J., Jeon, S.-H., and
Kim, J.-M. Detection of adulterated gasoline using
colorimetric organic micro bers", J. Mater. Chem.,
21(8), pp. 2648{2655 (2011).
18. Jeon, H., Lee, J., Kim, M.H., and Yoon, J.
Polydiacetylene-based electrospun bers for detection
of HCl gas", Macromol. Rapid Commun., 33(11), pp.
972{976 (2012).
19. Ali, S., Ahmed, F., and Khatri, A. Polycaprolactonepolydiacetylene
electrospun bers for colorimetric detection
of fake gasoline", Mehran University Research
Journal of Engineering & Technology, 35(2), p. 287
(2016).
20. Reddy, V.R.T., Reddy, K.K., and Ravindra, S. Effect
of optimization parameters on the diameter of
PVP bers fabricated by electrospinning technique",
International Conference on Advanced Nanomaterials
& Emerging Engineering Technologies, Chennai, India,
pp. 733{736 (2013).
21. Nasouri, K., Shoushtari, A.M., and Mojtahedi,
M.R.M. E ects of polymer/solvent systems on electrospun
polyvinylpyrrolidone nano ber morphology
and diameter", Polym. Sci. Ser. A., 57(6), pp. 747{
755 (2015).
22. Matatagui, D., Fernandez, M.J., Santos, J.P.,
Fontecha, J., Sayago, I., Horrillo, M.C., Gracia, I., and
Cane, C. Real-time characterization of electrospun
PVP nano bers as sensitive layer of a surface acoustic
wave device for gas detection", J. Nanomater., 2014
p. 8 (2014).
23. Dai, M., Jin, S., and Nugen, S.R. Water-soluble
electrospun nano bers as a method for on-chip reagent
storage", Biosensors, 2(4), pp. 388{395 (2012).
24. Lukas, D., Sarkar, A., Martinova, L., Vodsed'alkova,
K., Lubasova, D., Chaloupek, J., Pokorny, P., Mikes,
P., Chvojka, J., and Komarek, M. Physical principles
of electrospinning (electrospinning as a nanoscale
technology of the twenty- rst century)", Textile
Progress, 41(2), pp. 59{140 (2009).
25. Jelinek, R. and Ritenberg, M. Polydiacetylenes-recent
molecular advances and applications", RSC Adv.,
3(44), pp. 21192{21201 (2013).
26. Kamphan, A., Khanantong, C., Traiphol, N., and
Traiphol, R. Structural-thermochromic relationship
of polydiacetylene (PDA)/polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)
nanocomposites: E ects of PDA side chain length and
PVP molecular weight", J. Ind. Eng. Chem., 46, pp.
130{138 (2017).
27. Huang, S., Zhou, L., Li, M.-C., Wu, Q., Kojima, Y.,
and Zhou, D. Preparation and properties of electrospun
poly (vinyl pyrrolidone)/cellulose nanocrystal/
silver nanoparticle composite bers", Materials,
9(7), p. 523 (2016).
28. Scoville, S.P. and Shirley, W.M. Investigations of
chromatic transformations of polydiacetylene with aromatic
compounds", J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 120(5), pp.
2809{2820 (2011).