Green closed-loop supply chain network design with stochastic demand: a new accelerated benders decomposition method

Document Type : Article


1 Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kharazmi University ,Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kharazmi University, Tehran,Iran


Changing the structure of supply chains to move towards less polluting industries and better performance has attracted many researchers in recent studies. Design of such networks is a process associated with uncertainties and control of the uncertainties during decision-making is of particular importance. In this paper, a two-stage stochastic programming model was presented for the design of a green closed-loop supply chain network. In order to reach the environmental goals, an upper bound of emission capability that helps governments and industries to control greenhouse gas emissions was considered. During the reverse logistics of this supply chain, waste materials are returned to the forward flow by the disassembly centers. To control the uncertainty of strategic decisions, demand and the upper bound of emission capacity with three possible scenarios is considered. To solve the model, a new accelerated Benders decomposition algorithm along with Pareto-Optimal-Cut was used. The efficiency of the proposed algorithm was compared with the regular Benders algorithm. The effect of different numerical values of parameters and probabilities of scenarios on the total cost was also examined.