Improvement of acrylic-urethane paint adhesion to PP-EPDM surface by mediated electrochemical oxidation

Document Type : Article


Iran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute, P.O. Box 14965/115, Tehran, Iran



Adhesion improvement of an acrylic-urethane paint on a bumper surface made from polypropylene/ethylene-propylene-diene monomer was investigated at long term after electrochemical treatment by 2N nitric acid and 0.6M Silver (II)-nitrate /2N nitric acid. The stability of the electrochemically treated samples was examined at different aging times by ATR and SEM. The results were also compared to those of the untreated and flame-treated samples. Accelerated UV weathering analysis along with morphology study by SEM approved the effectiveness of the Ag (II) treatment technique in long term particularly at curvature area of the bumper. For the Ag (II) treated samples, the increase in adhesion strength was sustained even after 650 hours exposure to UV irradiation in wet condition prior to bonding. In addition, the stability of the Ag (II)-treated surface was maintained for at least three months. In case of the flame-treated surface, hydrophobic recovery during aging in environment was found to reduce the polarity of the PP-EPDM surface. The pull-off test showed Ag (II) treatment can enhance adhesion strength of the acrylic-urethane coating on to PP-EPDM in comparison with the flaming method by 20.7%. Moreover the results of zeta potential analysis for Ag (II) treated blend showed a typical acidic surface.