Document Type : Review Article
ENAP, Faculty of Engineering, Departments of Electromechanical and Biomedical Engineering. Autonomous University of Queretaro, Campus San Juan del Rio, Moctezuma 249, Col. San Cayetano, 76807, San Juan del Rio, Queretaro, Mexico
The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, U.S.A
In the past twenty-five years, structural health monitoring (SHM) has become an increasingly significant topic of investigation in the civil and structural engineering research community. An SHM schema involves three main steps: (a) measurement and acquisition of signals related to the structural response, (b) signal processing consisting of pre-processing and feature extraction employing nonlinear measurements, and (c) interpretation using machine learning. This article presents a review of recent journal articles on nonlinear measurements used for feature extraction in SHM of building and bridge structures. It also reviews three recently-developed nonlinear indexes with potential applications in SHM.