Document Type: Article
School of Civil Engineering, Iran University of Science & Technology, Narmak, Tehran, P.O. Box 16765-163, Iran
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran
School of Civil Engineering, Iran University of Science & Technology, Narmak, Tehran, P.O. Box 16765-163, Iran.
It is well recognized that structures designed by conventional seismic design codes experience large inelastic deformations during strong ground motions. Realistic estimation of force distribution based on inelastic response is one of the important steps in a comprehensive seismic design methodology in order to represent expected structural response more accurately. This paper presents an extensive parametric study to investigate the structural damage distribution along the height of the steel moment-resisting frames (SMRFs) designed based on the stat-of-art constant-ductility performance-based plastic design (PBPD) approach considering soil flexibility effects when subjected to 20 strong ground motions. To this end, the effect of fundamental period, target ductility demand and base flexibility level are investigated and discussed. Based on the numerical results of this study, simplified equations are proposed for practical purpose to refine and modify the lateral force distribution pattern already suggested by researchers based on the study of inelastic behavior developed for fixed- and flexible-base structures by using relative distribution of maximum story shears of the selected structures subjected to various earthquake ground motions. It is demonstrated that the proposed equations can be adequately estimated the optimum values of shear proportioning factor for both fixed-based and soil-structure systems.