Control and stability analysis of VSC-HVDC based transmission system connected to offshore wind farm

Document Type : Article


Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Kashan, Kashan, P.O. Box 87317-53153, Iran


Offshore wind farms (WFs) with significant capacities have been installed recently all over the world. In order to transmit the WF power to the onshore grid, high voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission system is appropriate technology. This paper analytically studies the impact of system parameters, controllers and operating conditions on the dynamic behavior of HVDC transmission systems based on three-level neutral point clamped voltage source converters (VSC). Also, it investigates modeling, control and stability analysis of VSC-HVDC system connected to the offshore wind farms. The VSC-HVDC system comprises offshore and onshore converters and high voltage dc transmission lines. The paper extracts VSC-HVDC system dynamics at the dc-side and argues the interaction between onshore converter control and HVDC transmission line dynamics. Moreover, the paper presents controller design for the dc-link voltage regulation by the onshore converter and examines the impacts of HVDC line length and dc voltage control bandwidth (BW) on the system stability by the modal analysis and time domain simulations.


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