Fabrication of single-phase superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles from factory waste soil

Document Type : Research Note

Authors

Department of Physics, Vali-e-Asr University of Rafsanjan, Rafsanjan, P.O. Box 77139-6417, Iran

Abstract

The application of Iron (III) oxide nanoparticles in biology and medicine is much more than the other magnetic nanoparticles. Biocompatibility with human body, stability and ease of production caused the wide range of its development. Single-phase iron (III) oxide nanoparticles were synthesis by use of factory waste soil instead of feedstock with low temperature wet chemical cleaving oxygen method. With respect to the precursor material that is factory waste soil (feedstock), it is cost-effective economically and also is innovative. In this synthesis method, single-phase iron(III) oxide were obtained by acid digestion of waste soil. The nanoparticles were analyzed by: Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) that the crystallite size of nanoparticles calculated by XRD peaks and Debye-Scherrer formula and obtained 11 nm. Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM) images showed the spherical shape of nanoparticles with average size of 10 nm. Vibrating sample magnetometery (VSM) analysis was applied to determine the magnetic saturation and the size of nanoparticles was estimated 9 nm from this analysis. Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy gently shows the atomic bond between iron and oxygen (Fe-O) in nanoparticles. The results of X-ray Diffraction show that the sample was synthesized are cubic Spinel single-phase.

Keywords

Main Subjects


1. Gupta, A.K. and Gupta, M. Synthesis and surface engineering of iron oxide nanoparticles for biomedical applications", Biomaterials, 26(18), pp. 3995-4021 (2005). 2. Ansari, S.A., Ficiar_a, M.K., Ru_natti, F.A., et al. Magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles: Synthesis, characterization and functionalization for biomedical applications in the central nervous system", Materials, 12(3), p. 465 (2019). 3. Rasouli, E., Basirun, W.J., Rezayi, M., et al. Ultrasmall superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles: honeybased green and facile synthesis and in vitro viability assay", Int. J. Nanomed., 13, pp. 6903-6911 (2018). 4. Nishio, K., Ikeda, M., Gokon, N., et al. Preparation of size-controlled (30-100 nm) magnetite nanoparticles for biomedical applications", J. Magn. Magn. Mater., 310, pp. 2408-2410 (2007). 5. Cao, D., Li, H., Pan, L., et al. High saturation magnetization of _03b3-Fe2O3 nano-particles by a facile one-step synthesis approach", Sci. Rep., 6, p. 32360 (2016). 6. Onar, K. and Yakinci, M.E. Synthesis of Fe3O4 nanoparticles for biomedical applications", J. Phys.: Conf. Ser., 667, p. 012005 (2016). 7. Rahmawati, R., Tau_q, A., Sunaryono, S., et al. Synthesis of magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles from iron sands by coprecipitation-ultrasonic irradiation methods", J. Mater. Environ. Sci., 9(3), pp. 155-160 (2018). 8. Fatima, H., Lee, D.W., Yun, H.J., et al. Shapecontrolled synthesis of magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles with di_erent iron precursors and capping agents", RSC Adv., 8(41), p. 22917 (2018). 9. Dutta, B., Shetake, N., Gawali, S.L., et al. PEG mediated shape-selective synthesis of cubic Fe3O4 nanoparticles for cancer therapeutics", J. Alloys Compd., 737, pp. 347-355 (2018). 10. Iranmanesh, P., Saeednia, S., Mehran, M., et al. Modi _ed structural and magnetic properties of nanocrystalline MnFe2O4 by pH in capping agent free coprecipitation method", J. Magn. Magn. Mater., 425, pp. 31-36 (2017). 11. Yan, J., Mo, S., Nie, J., et al. Hydrothermal synthesis of monodisperse Fe3O4 nanoparticles based on modulation of tartaric acid", Colloids Surf. A, 340(13), pp. 109-114 (2009). 12. Mascolo, M.C., Pei, Y., and Ring, T.A. Room temperature co-precipitation synthesis of magnetite nanoparticles in a large pH window with di_erent bases", Materials, 6(12), pp. 5549-5567 (2013). 13. Liu, X.D., Chen, H., Liu, S.S., et al. Hydrothermal synthesis of superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles with ionic liquids as stabilizer", Mater. Res. Bull., 62, pp. 217-221 (2015). 14. Karami, H. Synthesis and characterization of iron oxide nanoparticles by solid state chemical reaction method", J. Clust. Sci., 21, pp. 11-20 (2010). 15. Dhivya, S.M., Sathiya, S.M., Manivannan, G., et al. A comparative study on the biopolymer functionalized iron oxide nanocomposite for antimicrobial activity", Science Direct., 3(10), pp. 3866-3871 (2016). 16. Chaki, S.H., Malek, T.J., Chaudhary, M.D., et al. Magnetite Fe3O4 nanoparticles synthesis by wet chemical reduction and their characterization", Adv. Nat. Sci.: Nanosci. Nanotechnol., 6(3), p. 035009 (2015). 17. Khoshnevisan, K., Barkhi, M., Zare, D., et al. Preparation and characterization of CTAB-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles", Nano-Metal Chemistry, pp. 644-648 (2012). 18. Wei, Y., Han, B., Hu, X., et al. Synthesis of Fe3O4 nanoparticles and their magnetic properties", Procedia Eng., 27, pp. 632-637 (2012). 19. Wei, C., Yiran, M., Wei, Z., et al. One-pot hydrothermal synthesis of rGO-Fe3O4 hybrid nanocomposite for removal of Pb(II) via magnetic separation", Chem. Res. Chin. Univ., 31(4), pp. 508-513 (2015). 20. Dargahzadeh, M., Molaei, M., and Karimipour, M. Completely quenching of the trap states emission of CdSe QDs by CdS/ZnS shell growth using a one pot photochemical approach and application for dye photodegradation", J. Lumin., 203, pp. 723-729 (2018). 21. Yanez-Vilar, S., Sanchez, M., Gomez-Aguirre, C., et al. A simple solvothermal synthesis of MFe2O4 (M 1/4 Mn, Co and Ni) nanoparticles", J. Solid State Chem., 182(10), pp. 2685-2690 (2009). 22. Flores, A.G., Raposo, V., Iniguez, J., et al. Ferromagnetic resonance in bulk and microparticle samples of Mn1.3Fe17O4", Phys. Status Solidi., 187, pp. 521- 527 (2001). 23. Unni, M., Uhl, A.M., Savliwala, S., et al. Thermal decomposition synthesis of iron oxide nanoparticles with diminished magnetic dead layer by controlled addition of oxygen", ACS Nano., 11(2), pp. 2284-2303 (2017). 24. Madhuvilakku, R., Alagar, S., Mariappan, R., et al. Green one-pot synthesis of owers-like Fe3O4/rGO hybrid nanocomposites for e_ective electrochemical detection of riboavin and low-cost supercapacitor applications", Sens. Actuators, B., 253, pp. 879-892 (2017). 25. Yaacob, I., Nunes, A., Bose, A., et al. Synthesis and characterization of magnetic nanoparticles in spontaneously generated vesicles", J. Colloide Interface Sci., 168(34), pp. 289-301 (1994). 26. Ahmadi, S., Chia, C.H., Zakaria, S., et al. Synthesis of Fe3O4 nanocrystals using hydrothermal approach", J. Magn. Magn. Mater., 324(24), pp. 4147-4150 (2012). 27. Sarkar, Z.K. and Sarkar, F.K. Synthesis and magnetic properties investigations of Fe3O4 nanoparticles", Int. J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol., 7, pp. 197-200 (2011). M. Karimipour et al./Scientia Iranica, Transactions F: Nanotechnology 26 (2019) 3938{3945 3945 28. Behrad, F., Farimani, M.H.R., Shahtahmasebi, N., et al. Synthesis and characterization of Fe3O4/TiO2 magnetic and photocatalyst bifunctional core-shell with superparamagnetic performance", Eur. Phys. J. Plus, 7, pp. 130-144 (2015). 29. Andrzejewski, B., Bednarski, W., Kazmierczak, M., et al. Magnetization enhancement in magnetite nanoparticles capped with alginic acid", Composites, Part B, 64, pp. 147-154 (2014). 30. Iranmanesh, P. Tabatabai Yazdi, Sh. Mehran, M., et al. Superior magnetic properties of Ni ferrite nanoparticles synthesized by capping agent-free onestep coprecipitation route at di_erent pH values", J. Magn. Magn. Mater., 449, pp. 172-179 (2018).