Numerical modeling of particle motion and deposition in turbulent wavy channel flows

Document Type : Article


1 Department of Chemical Engineering, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran

2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran

3 Department of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, Clarkson University, Potsdam, NY, USA


This work investigates the turbulent flow and particles deposition in wavy duct flows. The v2f turbulence model was used for simulating the turbulent flow through the wavy channel.   The instantaneous turbulence fluctuating velocities were simulated using the Kraichnan Gaussian random field model. For tracking particles in the fluid flow, the particle equation of motion was solved numerically. The drag, Saffman lift, Brownian, and gravity forces acting on a suspended particle were included in the particle equation of motion. The effects of duct wave amplitude and wave length on deposition of particles of different sizes were studied. A range of waves with different amplitudes and wave lengths were simulated. The particle tracking approach was validated for turbulent flow in a flat horizontal channel where good agreement with previous studies was found. The presented results showed that the duct wavy walls significantly increase the particle deposition rate.