A framework for Earthquake Emergency Response in Iran

Document Type : Article


1 Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Azadi Ave., Tehran, Iran

2 International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (IIEES), Tehran, Iran


Earthquake is common natural disaster in Iran, often accompanied by huge damages, losses and casualties. Therefore, focusing on earthquake response management, and improving its effectiveness is an important issue for the national disaster management organization. This paper proposes a framework to improve this process in Iran. The proposed framework attempts to coordinate governmental and non-governmental organizations involved in earthquake response. It also allows governments to systematize the obligations and responsibilities of these organizations, and mitigate the earthquake fatalities and casualties. Moreover, this study discusses the key considerations for implementing the proposed framework, and analyzes it for distinct scales of earthquake.


Main Subjects