Document Type: Article
Center of Excellence for Railway Transportation, Iran University of Science and Technology, Narmak, Tehran, P.O. Box 16846-13114, Iran
School of Railway Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran
This paper is geared toward selection of the trough geometry (width and height) and elastic surrounding materials (elasticity modulus) as the optimization parameters along with selection of minimum environmental vibrations in the critical point of pavement system. The optimum trough geometry and specification of surrounding materials were evaluated as the objective function .To this, a numerical finite element model of embedded slab track rail system was developed in consideration of the components of the substructure and superstructure of system under the plain strain conditions. In the first stepf, the numerical model was calibrated by comparing it with static lab results. In the next step, the vibration behavior was investigated after applying a harmonic load to the system at various amplitudes and frequencies corresponding to the real operation conditions. Maximum velocity of particles vibrations was evaluated at different points in the vertical direction, and the critical point of pavement determined. Then, the best trough section and elasticity modulus of surrounding materials corresponding to the load amplitude and frequency were determined by designing the experiments using the surface response method and limiting the maximum vibrations of critical points to 65 Decibel.