Document Type: Article
Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Petronas, 31750 Tronoh, Perak, Malaysia
The application of the immersed boundary method (IBM) coupled with adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) is considered one of the powerful tools for solving complex viscous incompressible flow problems. In this paper, the IBM was combined with AMR to solve complex incompressible and viscous fluid with elastic and rigid body problems concerning large structural deformations. In the IBM, the solid and fluid motions at the interface are united by a body force which can be compared to a fraction of a solid volume. The work aims to develop an automatic adaptive mesh refinement strategy to improve the solution near the fluid-structure interface. This is necessary as the flow field might be significantly affected by the structure; therefore, it was essential to precisely capture the boundary layers. The computational results highlighted the capability of this method to improve the flow resolution near the fluid structure. The proposed approach is validated using 2D numerical examples. The approach is validated in terms of its superior performance. The combined IBM-Adaptive mesh refinement approach showed a promising outcome for the investigated mechanical problem. The performance of the method in achieving a solution within a reasonably low computation time is also commendable.