Analysis of influencing factors on rutting resistance of stone matrix asphalt mixtures

Document Type : Article


School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Shaanxi University of Technology, Hanzhong, Shannxi, China.


The rutting deformation not only shortens the service life of asphalt pavement, but also brings great risks to the drivers. The rutting resistance of Stone Matrix Asphalt (SMA) is affected by many factors. This study aims to thoroughly discuss the main factors of rutting resistance and establish the dynamic stability prediction model that based on the experimental data from Marshall testing and wheel tracking test in SMA mixtures. The results show that the optimal dosage bitumen of rutting test is 0.1~0.3% more than that of Marshall testing in SMA mixtures. With the temperature increases 0.5℃, the dynamic stability of SMA mixtures decreases by an average of 18.6%. The more amount of aggregate and mineral powder donnot mean the better rutting resistance in SMA mixtures. It causes to reduce the rutting resistance of SMA mixtures as compaction work is too much or too little. There is a positive correlation between the dynamic stability of SMA mixtures and fractal dimension, relative coefficient and asphalt content, while it is a negative correlation between the dynamic stability of SMA mixtures and rolling times, testing temperature.


Main Subjects

1. Ahmadinia, E., Zargar, M., Karim, M.R., Abdelaziz, M., and Ahmadinia, E. \Performance evaluation of utilization of waste polyethylene terephthalate (PET) in stone mastic asphalt", Construction & Building Materials, 36(6), pp. 984{989 (2012). 2. Tayfur, S., Ozen, H., and Aksoy, A. \Investigation of rutting performance of asphalt mixtures containing polymer modi_ers", Construction & Building Materials, 21(2), pp. 328{337 (2007). 3. Wong, W.G., Han, H., He, G., Wang, K.C.P., and Lu, W. \Rutting response of hot-mix asphalt to generalized dynamic shear moduli of asphalt binder", Construction & Building Materials, 18(6), pp. 399{408 (2004). 4. Aravind, K. and Das, A. \Pavement design with central plant hot-mix recycled asphalt mixes", Construction & Building Materials, 21(5), pp. 928{936 (2007). 5. Xiao, F., Amirkhanian, S., and Juang, C.H. \Rutting resistance of rubberized asphalt concrete pavements containing reclaimed asphalt pavement mixtures", Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 19(6), pp. 475{483 (2007). 6. Chiu, C.T. and Lu, L.C. \A laboratory study on stone matrix asphalt using ground tire rubber", Construction & Building Materials, 21(5), pp. 1027{1033 (2007). 7. Al-Hadidy, A.I. and Tan, Y.Q. \Mechanistic approach for polypropylene-modi_ed exible pavements", Materials & Design, 30(4), pp. 1133{1140 (2009). 8. Ahmadinia, E., Zargar, M., Karim, M.R., Abdelaziz, M., and Sha_gh, P. \Using waste plastic bottles as additive for stone mastic asphalt", Materials & Design, 32(10), pp. 4844{4849 (2011). 9. Al-Hadidy, A.I. and Tan, Y.Q. \Mechanistic analysis of ST and SBS-modi_ed exible pavements", Construction & Building Materials, 23(8), pp. 2941{2950 (2009). 10. Behnood, A. and Ameri, M. \Experimental investigation of stone matrix asphalt mixtures containing steel slag", Scientia Iranica, 19(5), pp. 1214{1219 (2012). 11. Meng, S.T. and Wei, D.X. \Research on anti-rutting performance of SMA asphalt pavement", Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development, 22(12), pp. 5{8 (2005). 12. Austroads, Technical note 16 \Stone mastic asphalt", ARRB. Transport Research (2004). 13. Asi, I.M. \Laboratory comparison study for the use of stone matrix asphalt in hot weather climates", Construction & Building Materials, 20(10), pp. 982{ 989 (2006). 14. Zhou, W., Huang, X., andWang, L. \Study on the void reduction behavior of porous asphalt pavement based on discrete element method", International Journal of Pavement Engineering, 18(4), pp. 285{291 (2017). 15. Zhang, Z.Q., Qin, R.P., and Zhang, D.L. \Study of stone mastic asphalt performance", China Journal of Highway and Transport, 14(2), pp. 13{17 (2001). 16. Sharma, V. and Goyal, S. \Comparative study of performance of natural _bres and crumb rubber modi_ed stone matrix asphalt mixtures", Revue Canadienne De G_enie Civil, 33(2), pp. 134{139 (2006). 17. Huang, J., Xiang, Z., and Peng, H. \Systemic design and construction technology of stone matrix asphalt mixture", Journal of Tongji University, 34(1), pp. 69{ 73 (2006). 18. Prowell, B.D.,Watson, D.E., Hurley, G.C., and Brown, E.R. \Evaluation of stone matrix asphalt (SMA) for air_eld pavements", NCAT Report 04{04, Auburn University (2009). 19. Guo, R., Hong, G., Li, P., and Wang, H. \Experiment analysis on high-temperature stability of AC-16 asphalt mixture", Journal of Changan University, 33(2), pp. 10{15 (2013). 20. Brown, E.R., Mallick, R.B., Haddock, J.E., and Bukowski, J. \Performance of stone matrix asphalt (SMA) mixtures in the United States", NCAT Report No. 97{1, Auburn University, Alabama (1997). 21. Moghaddam, T.B., Karim, M.R., and Abdelaziz, M.A. \A review on fatigue and rutting performance of asphalt mixes", Scienti_c Research & Essays, 6(4), pp. 670{682 (2011). 22. Alhadidy, A. and Hameed, A.T. \Minimizing the moisture damage and drain down of Iraqi SMA mixtures using waste additives", Tikrit Journal of Engineering Science, 18(3), pp. 68{80 (2013). 23. Sha_e, E., Ahmad, J., Arshad, A.K., and Kamarun, D. \Using nanopolyacrylate and nanocomposite as binder modi_ers for stone mastic asphalt (SMA)", Applied Mechanics & Materials, 802(753), pp. 381{ 386 (2015). R. Guo/Scientia Iranica, Transactions A: Civil Engineering 27 (2020) 1039{1049 1049 24. _Iskender, E. \Rutting evaluation of stone mastic asphalt for basalt and basalt-limestone aggregate combinations", Composites Part B Engineering, 54(9), pp. 255{264 (2013). 25. Xiang, J.Y., Zhu, X., and Sun, J. \Research of rutting resistance performance inuencing factors of asphalt mixture", Petroleum Asphalt, 23(5), pp. 22{26 (2009). 26. Apeagyei, A.K., Mcghee, K.K., Clark, T., and Clark, T.M. \Inuence of aggregate packing and asphalt binder characteristics on performance of stone matrix asphalt", Transportation Research Board 92nd Annual Meeting (2013). 27. Sarang, G., Lekha, B.M., Geethu, J.S., and Shankar, A.U.R. \Laboratory performance of stone matrix asphalt mixtures with two aggregate gradations", Journal of Modern Transportation, 23(2), pp. 130{136 (2015). 28. Chen, J.S., Hsieh, W., and Liao, M.C. \E_ect of coarse aggregate shape on engineering properties of stone mastic asphalt applied to airport pavements", International Journal of Pavement Research & Technology, 6(5), pp. 595{601 (2013). 29. Mogawer, W. and Stuart, K. \E_ects of mineral _llers on properties of stone matrix asphalt mixtures", Transportation Research Record Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 1530(1), pp. 86{94 (1996). 30. AI-Etba, S.R.O., Sravana, D.P., and Kumar, S.A. \Studying properties of stone matrix asphalt mixture by altering aggregate gradations and _ller types", International Journal Scienti_c Engineer Technology Research, 2, pp. 942{947 (2013). 31. Xie, H.B. \Determining the optimum compaction level for designing stone matrix asphalt mixtures", Thesis Dissertations, Auburn University, Alabama (2006). 32. Behbahani, H., Nowbakht, S., Fazaeli, H., and Rahmani, J. \E_ects of _ber type and content on the rutting performance of stone matrix asphalt", Journal of Applied Sciences, 9(10), pp. 1980{1984 (2009). 33. The Ministry of Communications P.R.C., Standard Test Methods of Bitumen and Bituminous Mixtures for Highway Engineering, JTG E20-2011, pp. 195{197, China Communication Press, Beijing, China (2011). 34. Li, P., Wang, X.L., Li, H.S., and Qian, Y. \Inuence factors and anti-rutting agent of high-temperature stability of asphalt mixture", 7th International Conference on Tra_c and Transportation Studies, Kunming, China, pp. 1293{1302 (2010). 35. Li, P., Nian, T.F., Zhang, Y.L., Ma, K., Guo, Y.F., and Zhao, Z.P. \Study on anti-shearing property of asphalt pavement for concrete bridge deck based on oblique shear test", Journal of Wuhan University of Technology, 37(11), pp. 48{53 (2015). 36. Li, P., Ma, K., Nian, T.F., Zhong, W.U., and Guo, Y.F. \Study on fracture theory and crack propagation test of asphalt mixture pre-notched beam based on weight function method", Journal of Highway & Transportation Research & Development, 11(1), pp. 7{ 13 (2016). 37. The Ministry of Communications P.R.C., Technical Speci_cations Construction of Highway Asphalt Pavements, JTG F40-2004, pp. 291{349, China Communication Press, Beijing, China (2004). 38. Lin, R.Y. and Sha, A.M. \Theory of fractal applied to the compression strength model of semi-rigid base", Journal of Wuhan University of Technology, 33(9), pp. 44{49 (2011). 39. Hao, Z. and Sha, A.M. \Analysis on the inuences of material composition on semi-rigid base fatigue property", Journal of Wuhan University of Technology, 34(1), pp. 41{45 (2012).