Application of ultrasound wave for stimulation ofasphaltene damaged reservoir rocks: An experimentalstudy

Document Type : Article

Authors

1 Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

2 Chemical and Petroleum Engineering Department, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

3 chemical and petroleum engineering department, sharif university of technology, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

In this study, application of ultrasound wave for permeability enhancement of reservoir rocks was experimentally examined. In this regards, a specific core holder apparatus was designed with the ability of in-situ exposure of ultrasound to the plug at high-pressure condition, which is a better representative of ultrasound application in real wellbores. The effect of ultrasound power and exposure time as well as probe-plug distance on permeability stimulation was evaluated. The results showed that ultrasound could stimulate the permeability of asphaltene-damaged rocks, in which its efficiency is significant in sandstone rock. Analysis of asphaltene content in the output fluid showed that, as the result of ultrasound exposure, 84% of deposited asphaltenes in the sandstone plug was removed, which is corresponding to 67% of permeability recovery. It was also found that the stimulated permeability increases with increasing exposure time and power while decreases with increasing probe-plug distance, however an optimum value for exposure time and power, after which the permeability recovery is not significantly enhanced, was observed. Analysis of experiments also showed that probe-plug distance has the most prominent effect on recovery of damaged permeability in comparison to ultrasound time and power.

Keywords

Main Subjects


References
1. Leontaritis, K.J. and Mansoori, G.A. Asphaltene
deposition: a survey of eld experiences and research
approaches", J. Pet. Sci. Eng., 1(3), pp. 229-239
(1988).
2. Bernadiner, M. Advanced asphaltene and paran
control technology", SPE International Symposium on
Oil eld Chemistry, Society of Petroleum Engineers
(1993).
3. Zekri, A.Y., Shedid S.A., and Alkashef, H. A new
technique for treatment of permeability damage due to
asphaltene deposition using laser technology". J. Pet.
Sci. Eng., 59(3), pp. 300-308 (2007).
4. Straub, T., Autry, S., and King, G. An investigation
into practical removal of downhole paran by thermal
methods and chemical solvents", SPE Production Operations
Symposium, Society of Petroleum Engineers
(1989).
5. Samuelson, M. Alternatives to aromatics for solvency
of organic deposits", SPE Formation Damage Control
Symposium, Society of Petroleum Engineers (1992).
6. Shedid, S.A. An ultrasonic irradiation technique for
treatment of asphaltene deposition", J. Pet. Sci. Eng.,
42(1), pp. 57-70 (2004).
7. Mason, T.J. and Phillip, J. Applied sonochemistry",
Wiley-VCH Weinheim, Germany (2002).
8. Suslick, K.S., Didenko, Y., Fang, M.M., Hyeon, T.,
Kolbeck, K.J., McNamara, W.B., Mdleleni, M.M. and
Wong, M. Acoustic cavitation and its chemical consequences",
Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A, 357(1751),
pp. 335-353 (1999).
9. Gollapudi, U., Bang, S., and Islam, M. Ultrasonic
treatment for removal of asphaltene deposits during
petroleum production", SPE Formation Damage
Control Symposium, Society of Petroleum Engineers
(1994).
10. Gizem Gunal, O. and Islam, M. Alteration of asphaltic
crude rheology with electromagnetic and ultrasonic
irradiation", J. Pet. Sci. Eng., 26(1), pp. 263-272
(2000).
B. Keshavarzi et al./Scientia Iranica, Transactions C: Chemistry and ... 25 (2018) 3391{3400 3399
11. Salehzadeh, M., Akherati, A., Ameli, F., and Dabir, B.
Experimental study of ultrasonic radiation on growth
kinetic of asphaltene aggregation and deposition",
Can. J. Chem. Eng., 94(11), pp. 2202-2209 (2016).
12. Shi, C., Yang, W., Chen, J., Sun, X., Chen, W., An,
H., Duo, Y., and Pei, M. Application and mechanism
of ultrasonic static mixer in heavy oil viscosity reduction",
Ultrason. Sonochem., 37, pp. 648-653 (2017).
13. Amani, M., Al-Juhani, S., Al-Jubouri, M., Yrac, R.,
and Taha, A. Application of ultrasonic waves for
degassing of drilling
uids and crude oils", Adv. in Pet.
Exp. and Dev., 11(2), pp. 21-30 (2016).
14. Zou, C., Zhao, P., Ge, T., Li, D., Ye, H., and Huang,
G. Bitumen recovery from Buton oil sands using a
surfactant under the e ect of ultrasonic waves", Energy
Sources, Part A, 38(2), pp. 270-276 (2016).
15. Zhao, X., Zhang, X., Liu, L., Fan, L., and Ge, D.
E ect of ultrasonic reactor and auxiliary stirring
on oil removal from oily sludge", Environ. Technol.,
38(24), pp. 3109-3114 (2017).
16. Korkut, I. and Bayramoglu, M. Ultrasound assisted
biodiesel production in presence of dolomite catalyst",
Fuel, 180, pp. 624-629 (2016).
17. Nagai, M., Seiyama, H., and Kasagi, M. E ects of
ultrasonic irradiation on the viscosity of fuel oils", Fuel,
61(11), pp. 1160-1161 (1982).
18. Duhon, R. and Campbell, J. The e ect of ultrasonic
energy on
ow through porous media", 2nd Annual
Eastern Regional Meeting of SPE/AIME, Charleston,
WV (1965).
19. Cherskiy, N., Tsarev, V., Konovalov, V., and Kusnetsov,
O. The e ect of ultrasound on permeability of
rocks to water", Transactions (Doklady) of the USSR
Academy of Sciences, Earth Science Section (1977).
20. Beresnev, I.A. and Johnson, P.A. Elastic-wave stimulation
of oil production; a review of methods and
results", Geophysics, 59(6), pp. 1000-1017 (1994).
21. Hamida, T. and Babadagli, T. E ect of ultrasonic
waves on the capillary imbibition recovery of oil", SPE
Asia Paci c Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition,
Society of Petroleum Engineers (2005).
22. Naderi, K. and Babadagli, T. E ect of ultrasonic
intensity and frequency on heavy-oil recovery from different
wettability rocks", International Thermal Operations
and Heavy Oil Symposium, Society of Petroleum
Engineers (2008).
23. Naderi, K. and Babadagli, T. In
uence of intensity
and frequency of ultrasonic waves on capillary interaction
and oil recovery from di erent rock types",
Ultrason. Sonochem., 17(3), pp. 500-508 (2010).
24. Abramov, V.O., Mullakaev, M.S., Abramova, A.V.,
Esipov, I.B., and Mason, T.J. Ultrasonic technology
for enhanced oil recovery from failing oil wells and the
equipment for its implemention", Ultrason. Sonochem.,
20(5), pp. 1289-1295 (2013).
25. Keshavarzi, B., Karimi, R., Naja , I., Ghazanfari,
M.H., and Ghotbi, C. Investigating the role of ultrasonic
wave on two-phase relative permeability in a
free gravity drainage process", Sci. Iran., 21(3), p. 763
(2014).
26. Keshavarzi, B., Karimi, R., Naja , I., Ghazanfari,
M.H., Amani, M., and Ghotbi, C. Investigation of
low frequency elastic wave application for
uid
ow
percolation enhancement in fractured porous media",
J. Pet. Sci. Tech., 31(11), pp. 1159-1167 (2013).
27. Hamidi, H., Haddad, A.S., Mohammadian, E., Rafati,
R., Azdarpour, A., Ghahri, P., Ombewa, P., Neuert,
T., and Zink, A. Ultrasound-assisted CO2
ooding
to improve oil recovery", Ultrason. Sonochem., 35, pp.
243-250 (2017).
28. Mohsin, M. and Meribout, M. An extended model
for ultrasonic-based enhanced oil recovery with experimental
validation", Ultrason. Sonochem. 23, pp. 413-
423 (2015).
29. Abramov, V.O., Abramova, A.V., Bayazitov, V.M.,
Altunina, L.K, Gerasin, A.S., Pashin, D.M., and
Mason, T.J. Sonochemical approaches to enhanced oil
recovery", Ultrason. Sonochem., 25, pp. 76-81 (2015).
30. Mullakaev, M.S., Abramov, V.O., and Abramova, A.V.
Development of ultrasonic equipment and technology
for well stimulation and enhanced oil recovery", J. Pet.
Sci. Eng., 125, pp. 201-208 (2015).
31. Wang, Z. and Xu, Y. Review on application of
the recent new high-power ultrasonic transducers in
enhanced oil recovery eld in China", Energy, 89, pp.
259-267 (2015).
32. He, S., Tan, X., Hu, X., and Gao, Y. E ect of
ultrasound on oil recovery from crude oil containing
sludge", Environ. Technol., 7, pp. 1-7 (2018).
33. Venkitaraman, A., Roberts, P., and Sharma, M.
Ultrasonic removal of near wellbore damage caused
by nes and mud solids", SPE 27388 in SPE Intl
Symposium on Formation Damage Control, Lafayette,
Louisiana (1994).
34. Roberts, P., Adinathan, V., and Sharma, M. Ultrasonic
removal of organic deposits and polymer-induced
formation damage", SPE Dril. Comp., 15(1) pp. 19-24
(2000).
35. Wong, S.W., van der Bas, F., Zuiderwijk, P., Birchak,
B., Han, W., Yoo, K., and van Batenburg, D. Highpower/
high-frequency acoustic stimulation: a novel
and e ective wellbore stimulation technology", SPE
Prod. Facil., 19(04), pp. 183-188 (2004).
36. Xu, Y., Langbauer, C., and Hofstaetter, H. The
application of ultrasonic technology for cleaning oil
contaminated sand", SPE Asia Paci c Health, Safety,
Security, Environment and Social Responsibility Conference,
Society of Petroleum Engineers (2017).
37. Mason, T.J. Ultrasonic cleaning: An historical perspective",
Ultrason. Sonochem., 29 pp. 519-523 (2016).
38. Shedid, S.A. A novel technique of asphaltene depo3400
B. Keshavarzi et al./Scientia Iranica, Transactions C: Chemistry and ... 25 (2018) 3391{3400
sition treatment using ultrasonic irradiation", J. Pet.
Sci. Tech., 20(9-10), pp. 1097-1118 (2002).
39. Wang, S. and Civan, F. Productivity decline of vertical
and horizontal wells by asphaltene deposition in
petroleum reservoirs", SPE International Symposium
on Oil eld Chemistry, Society of Petroleum Engineers
(2001).
40. Mousavi, S.M., Ramazani, A., Naja , I., and Davachi,
S.M. E ect of ultrasonic irradiation on rheological
properties of asphaltenic crude oils", Pet. Sci., 9(1),
pp. 82-88 (2012).
41. Biot, M.A. Theory of propagation of elastic waves
in a
uid-saturated porous solid. II. Higher frequency
range", J. Acoust. Soc. Am, 28(2), pp. 179-191 (1956).
42. Hamida, T. and Babadagli, T. Displacement of oil
by di erent interfacial tension
uids under ultrasonic
waves", Col. Surf. A, 316(1), pp. 176-189 (2008).