Assessment of Mechanical and Durability Properties of Concrete Containing PET Waste

Document Type : Article

Authors

1 Department of Civil Engineering, CTAE, MPUAT, Udaipur-313001, India.

2 Discipline of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Indore, Simrol, Indore 453552, India.

Abstract

Plastic waste is a silent threat to the environment, and their disposal is a serious issue. To sort out this issue, many efforts were made to reuse the plastic waste, but no significant results were achieved. On the contrary, concrete being the widely used construction material is facing problem due to unavailability of ingredient material (sand and coarse aggregate). In this study PET (polyethylene terephthalate) aggregates manufactured from the waste un-washed PET bottles in shredded form were used to partially replace fine aggregate and coarse aggregate in concrete in various percentages (0%, 5%, 10%, 15% and 20%). Various tests like workability, compressive strength, flexural strength, water permeability, abrasion resistance, dynamic and static modulus of elasticity were performed. The micro-structural analysis of the specimens was carried out using an optical microscope. It was found that the workability, compressive strength, flexural strength, dynamic and static modulus of elasticity decreased with the increasing amount of PET waste in concrete. Water permeability of concrete was found to increase with increasing amount of PET waste. In both the cases, i.e., when fine and coarse aggregates were replaced with PET waste, an improvement in the abrasion resistance of concrete was found.

Keywords

Main Subjects


1. Gupta, T., Sharma, R.K., and Chaudhary S. Inuence of waste tyre _bers on strength, abrasion resistance and carbonation of concrete", Scientia Iranica, 22(4), pp. 1481{1489 (2014). 2. Williams, E.A. and Williams, P.T. Analysis of products derived from the fast pyrolysis of plastic waste", Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 40, pp. 347{363 (1997). 3. Suganthy, P., Chandrasekar, D., and Kumar, S.P.K. Utilization of pulverized plastic in cement concrete as _ne aggregate", International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology, 2(6), pp. 1015{1018 (2013). 4. Foti, D. Use of recycled waste pet bottles _bers for the reinforcement of concrete", Composite Structures, 96, pp. 396{404 (2013). 5. Ruiz-Herrero, J.L., Nieto, D.V., L_opez-Gil, A., Arranz, A., Fern_andez, A., Lorenzana, A., and Rodr__guez- P_erez, M._A. Mechanical and thermal performance of concrete and mortar cellular materials containing plastic waste", Construction and Building Materials, 104, pp. 298{310 (2016). 6. Usman, M., Javaid, A., and Panchal, S. Feasibility of waste polythene bags in concrete", International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), 23(6), pp. 317{319 (2015). 7. Zhao, R., Torley, P., and Halley, P.J. Emerging biodegradable materials: starch-and protein-based bionano composites", Journal of Materials Science, 43(9), pp. 3058{3071 (2008). 8. Sadiq, M.M. and Khattak, M.R. Literature review on di_erent plastic waste materials use in concrete", Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (JETIR), 2(6), pp. 1800{1803 (2015). 9. Merbouh, M., Glaoui, B., Mazouz, A., and Belhachemi, M. Use the plastic bag waste in cement concrete", EurAsia Waste Management Symposium, Istanbul, Turkey, 28-30 April 2014, pp. 1{6 (2014). 10. Ghernouti, Y., Rabehi, B., Bouziani, T., Ghezraoui, H., and Makhlou_, A. Fresh and hardened properties of self-compacting concrete containing plastic bag waste _bers (WFSCC)", Construction and Building Materials, 82, pp. 89{100 (2015). 11. Malak, K.R. Use of waste plastic in concrete mixture as aggregate replacement", International Journal of Engineering, Education and Technology (ARDIJEET), 3(2), pp. 1{7 (2015). 12. Patil, P.S., Mali, J.R., Tapkire, G.V., and Kumavat, H.R. Innovative techniques of waste plastic used in concrete mixture", International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology, 3(9), pp. 29{31 (2014). 13. Gupta, T., Chaudhary, S., and Sharma, R.K. Assessment of mechanical and durability properties of concrete containing waste rubber tier as _ne aggregate", Construction and Building Materials, 73, pp. 562{574 (2014). 14. Bhogayata, A. and Arora, N.K. Green concrete from the postconsumer plastic wastes: Indian scenario", ICTSET Proceedings, pp. 437{440 (2011). 15. Gupta, T., Sharma, R.K., and Chaudhary, S. Impact resistance of concrete containing waste rubber _ber and silica fume", International Journal of Impact Engineering, 83, pp. 76{87 (2015). 16. Gupta, T., Chaudhary, S., and Sharma, R.K. Mechanical and durability properties of waste rubber _ber concrete with and without silica fume", Journal of Cleaner Production, 112, pp. 702{711 (2016). 17. Kumar, A., Srivastava, V., and Kumar, R. E_ect of waste polythene on compressive strength of concrete", Journal of Academia and Industrial Research (JAIR), 3(3), pp. 152{155 (2014). 18. Yesilata, B., Is_ker, Y., and Turgut, P. Thermal insulation enhancement in concretes by adding waste PET and rubber pieces", Construction and Building Materials, 23(5), pp. 1878{1882 (2009). 19. Ghernouti, Y., Rabehi, B., Sa_, B., and Chaid, R. Use of recycled plastic bag waste in the concrete", The International Journal of Scienti_c Publications: Material, Methods and Technologies, 8, pp. 480{487 (2011). 20. Zerdi, T.A., Yusuf, M., Minhajuddin, M., Waseem, M.F., and Zerdi, M.N. partial replacement of coarse aggregates with virgin plastics granules (HDPE) in concrete mix", Indian Journal of Applied Research, 6(5), pp. 655{657 (2016). 21. Ramadevi, K. and Manju, R. Experimental investigation on the properties of concrete with plastic PET (bottle) _bres as _ne aggregates", International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, 2(6), pp. 42{46 (2012). 22. Borg, R.P., Baldacchino, O., and Ferrara, L. Early age performance and mechanical characteristics of recycled PET _bre reinforced concrete", Construction and Building Materials, 108, pp. 29{47 (2016). 23. Al-Hadithi, A.I. and Hilal, N.N. The possibility of enhancing some properties of self-compacting concrete by adding waste plastic _bers", Journal of Building Engineering, 8, pp. 20{28 (2016). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2016.06.011 24. Saikia, N. and De Brito, J. Mechanical properties and abrasion behaviour of concrete containing shredded PET bottle waste as a partial substitution of natural aggregate", Construction and Building Materials, 52, pp. 236{244 (2014). R. Saxena et al./Scientia Iranica, Transactions A: Civil Engineering 27 (2020) 1{9 9 25. Kim, S.B., Yi, N.H., Kim, H.Y., Kim, J.H.J., and Song, Y.C. Material and structural performance evaluation of recycled PET _ber reinforced concrete", Cement and Concrete Composites, 32(3), pp. 232{240 (2010). 26. Marzouk, O.Y., Dheilly, R.M., and Queneudec, M. Valorization of post-consumer waste plastic in cementitious concrete composites", Waste Management, 27(2), pp. 310{318 (2007). 27. Yang, S., Yue, X., Liu, X., and Tong, Y. Properties of self-compacting lightweight concrete containing recycled plastic particles", Construction and Building Materials, 84, pp. 444{453 (2015). 28. Pesic, N., Zivanovic, S., Garcia, R., and Papastergiou, P. Mechanical properties of concrete reinforced with recycled HDPE plastic _bres", Construction and Building Materials, 115, pp. 362{370 (2016). 29. IS 8112, Ordinary Portland Cement, 43 Grade Speci_- cation, India (2013). 30. IS 383, Speci_cation for Coarse and Fine Aggregates from Natural Source for Concrete, India (1970). 31. IS 10262, Guidelines for Concrete Mix Proportioning, India (2009). 32. IS 456, Code of Practice-Plain and Reinforced Concrete, India (2000). 33. IS 1199, Methods of Sampling and Analysis of Concrete, India (1959). 34. Ismail, Z.Z. and Al-Hashmi, E.A. Use of waste plastic in concrete mixture as aggregate replacement", Waste Management, 28(11), pp. 2041{2047 (2008). 35. Rahmani, E., Dehestani, M., Beygi, M.H.A., Allahyari, H., and Nikbin, I.M. On the mechanical properties of concrete containing waste PET particles", Construction and Building Materials, 47, pp. 1302{1308 (2013). 36. IS 516, Methods of Tests for Strength of Concrete, India (1959). 37. Islam, M.J., Meherier, M.S., and Islam, A.R. Effects of waste PET as coarse aggregate on the fresh and harden properties of concrete", Construction and Building Materials, 125, pp. 946{951 (2016). 38. DIN 1048, Water Permeability Test (1991). 39. Islam, G.S. and Gupta, S.D. Evaluating plastic shrinkage and permeability of polypropylene _ber reinforced concrete", International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment, 5(2), pp. 345{354 (2016). 40. IS 1237, Cement Concrete Flooring Tiles-Speci_cation, India (2012). 41. ASTM C469, Standard Test Method for Static Modulus of Elasticity and Poisson's Ratio of Concrete in Compression (1994).%pagebreak[3] 42. Albano, C., Camacho, N., Hernandez, M., Matheus, A., and Gutierrez, A. Inuence of content and particle size of waste pet bottles on concrete behaviour at di_erent w/c ratios", Waste Management, 29(10), pp. 2707{2716 (2009). 43. ASTM C597, Standard Test Method for Pulse Velocity Through Concrete (2009).