Document Type: Article
Catalyst Research Group, Petrochemical Research and Technology Company, National Petrochemical Company
Chemical Engineering Department, Amirkabir University of Technology
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton
The non-oxidative aromatization of methane was studied over M-Zn/HZSM-5 (M=La, Co, Pd, and Pt) catalysts using propane as a co-reactant. The catalysts were characterized by BET, SEM, NH3-TPD and XRD techniques. Catalytic tests were performed in a fixed-bed reactor at 823 K, using a mixture of methane, propane, and nitrogen with ratio of 6/1/1.3, respectively. Propane conversion was above50% and remained stable in the first 12 hours on stream; however, the methane conversion rapidly dropped from a high of about 10% to zero within 4 hours, implying the absence of a stoichiometric reaction between the reactants. Both zinc and the second metal (M) had a beneficial effect on aromatic selectivity and Pt-Zn/HZSM-5 exhibited the highest aromatic yields and catalyst stability. The results of the present study showed that co-feeding of methane with propane cannot successfully induce methane to participate in aromatization reactions.