Sharif University of TechnologyScientia Iranica1026-309824220170401On a Conceptual Method for the Extraction of Wind Energy Using Airfoil and Linear GeneratorOn a Conceptual Method for the Extraction of Wind Energy Using Airfoil and Linear Generator597609404510.24200/sci.2017.4045ENHossein DarijaniMechanical Engineering Department, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran.Abbas PanahiMechanical Engineering Department, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, IranJournal Article20160430In this paper, a new conceptual method is introduced in order to extract wind energy using a set of airfoils and a linear generator. Indeed, the idea of this method is inspired from the ocean wave energy extractor, and the linear wind generator. In this method, under wind velocity a mover connected to the airfoils undergoes a linear reciprocating motion such that this motion is converted to electricity using the magnetic field of a linear generator. Moreover, the structure and mechanism of the proposed method is illustrated. Based on this illustration, a perfect kinematics and kinetics analysis of the mechanism including of the displacement, velocity, acceleration, force and mechanical powers is done. Finally, the average generative power based on the proposed method is investigated under different conditions and compared to the output power of the ocean energy extractors in similar situations. The most important advantage of the proposed method in comparison with two mentioned methods is its simplicity, high efficiency and compatibility to all wind situations.http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4045_ba6cceb6f51752d0d3f98066018e7ef2.pdfSharif University of TechnologyScientia Iranica1026-309824220170401Economic and Environmental Evaluations of Different Operation Alternatives of an Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage in Tehran, IranEconomic and Environmental Evaluations of Different Operation Alternatives of an Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage in Tehran, Iran610623404610.24200/sci.2017.4046ENHadi Ghaebiassistant professorM.N. BahadoriProfessorM.H. SaidiProfessorJournal Article20150410Aquifers are underground porous formations containing water. Confined aquifers are surrounded by impermeable layers on top and bottom, called cap rocks and bed rocks. A confined aquifer with a very low groundwater flow velocity was considered to meet the annual cooling and heating energy requirements of a residential building complex in Tehran, Iran. Four different alternatives of aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) were employed to meet the heating/cooling demands of the buildings. These alternatives were: using ATES for cooling alone, for heating alone by coupling with flat plate solar collectors and for cooling and heating by coupling with a heat pump. For the economic evaluation of the alternatives, a life cycle cost analysis was employed. For the environmental evaluation, Ret Screen software was employed. For the three considered operational alternatives, using ATES for cooling alone had the minimum payback period time of 2.41 year and the life cycle cost of 16000$. In the environmental consideration of the three alternatives, coupling of ATES with heat pump for cooling and heating had the minimum CO2 generation, corresponding to 359 tons/year.http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4046_420cab581039e807c0ff8a988844d974.pdfSharif University of TechnologyScientia Iranica1026-309824220170401Effects of non-equilibrium condensation on aerodynamics of the flow field in a steam turbine cascadeEffects of non-equilibrium condensation on aerodynamics of the flow field in a steam turbine cascade624634404710.24200/sci.2017.4047ENHamed Bagheri EsfeFaculty of Engineering, University of Shahreza, Shahreza, Iran, P. Code 86149-56841Mohammad Jafar KermaniAmirkabir University of TechnologyMajid Saffar AvvalAmirkabir University of TechnologyJournal Article20150417In the present paper an in-house CFD code is developed using Roe scheme to simulate condensing two-phase flow in blade to blade passage of a steam turbine. Effects of condensation on the flow field of steam turbine rotor tip section are investigated for different outlet pressures. Firstly, comparison is performed between results of wet and dry cases. Then effects of outlet pressure variations on the flow field are studied. Finally effects of condensation on different specifications of the flow field (total pressure loss coefficient, entropy generation and deviation angle) are investigated. Also the mechanism of flow deviation in the cascade flow field is described. Condensation has a great influence on the behavior of the flow field based on the numerical results of this paper. It changes the outflow direction and consequently the flow entering to the next blade deviates from its on-design condition, thus additional losses are produced. For example, the value of deviation angle reaches to 7.62for wet case and exit Mach number Me=1.45. Also there are stagnation pressure loss and entropy generation due to non-equilibrium condensation that reduce the efficiency of the steam turbinehttp://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4047_e2ce21d98b4eb48e3863e56db3b7f8e6.pdfSharif University of TechnologyScientia Iranica1026-309824220170401MHD mixed convection boundary layer flow of a Casson fluid bounded by permeable shrinking sheet with exponential variationMHD mixed convection boundary layer flow of a Casson fluid bounded by permeable shrinking sheet with exponential variation637647404810.24200/sci.2017.4048ENS. S. P. M. IsaInstitute for Mathematical Research, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, MalaysiaN. M. ArifinDepartment of Mathematics, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, MalaysiaR. NazarSchool of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science & Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, MalaysiaN. BachokDepartment of Mathematics, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, MalaysiaF. M. AliDepartment of Mathematics, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, MalaysiaI. PopDepartment of Mathematics, Babeş-Bolyai University, R-400084 Cluj-Napoca, RomaniaJournal Article20160501A review was carried out on the exponentially permeable shrinking sheet on how it influenced the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) mixed convection boundary layer flow of a Casson fluid. The boundary layer equations in the form of partial differential equations have been transformed to the ordinary differential equations, by using the similarity transformation. Subsequently, the numerical technique uses the shooting way to provide solutions for the ordinary differential equations. Different factors related to the flow and heat are indicated by the attained results as well as graphs. Moreover, four solutions are presented graphically. Also, the numerical calculations exhibit that the Casson fluid parameter ε, buoyancy parameterλ and suction parameter s would significantly affect the characteristics of flow and thermal boundary layers of a Casson fluid.http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4048_f90278967e16e91f91079e6f34306d5d.pdfSharif University of TechnologyScientia Iranica1026-309824220170401Application of Homotopy Perturbation Sumudu Transform Method for Solving Nonlinear Fractional Heat-like EquationsApplication of Homotopy Perturbation Sumudu Transform Method for Solving Nonlinear Fractional Heat-like Equations648655404910.24200/sci.2017.4049ENMohamed Meabed KhaderJournal Article20150504In this paper, we propose an algorithm to find approximate solutions of the proposed system of the fractional heat-like equations. The proposed algorithm basically illustrates how the two powerful algorithms, the homotopy perturbation method (HPM) and the Sumudu transform method (STM) can be combined and used to get exact solutions of fractional partial differential equations. We also present some examples to illustrate the accuracy and the effectiveness of this algorithm.http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4049_e9b70e2a9bca01d00c46fa1289376b3f.pdfSharif University of TechnologyScientia Iranica1026-309824220170401Fatigue behavior of nano-grained pure copper processed by equal channel angular rollingFatigue behavior of nano-grained pure copper processed by equal channel angular rolling656661405010.24200/sci.2017.4050ENAsiyeh HabibiMostafa KetabchiMohammad EskandarzadehJournal Article20150606The equal channel angular rolling process was successfully performed on commercial pure copper. After 4 passes of this process, grains with a diameter of about 70- 500 nm were formed. The fatigue test results showed that the ultra-fine grained copper represents a longer lifetime under stress-controlled fatigue. To clarify the formation process of surface damage, morphological changes in the fractured surface were monitored by scanning electron microscopy.http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4050_1c69391225f96ceadf859cf581dc24b1.pdfSharif University of TechnologyScientia Iranica1026-309824220170401Improving Lateral Dynamics of Vehicle Using Direct Yaw Moment Controller Based on Quantitative Feedback TheoryImproving Lateral Dynamics of Vehicle Using Direct Yaw Moment Controller Based on Quantitative Feedback Theory662672405110.24200/sci.2017.4051ENMasoud GoharimaneshFerdowsi University of MashhadAliAkbar AkbariFerdowsi University of MashhadJournal Article20150810 In this paper a robust controller based on quantitative feedback theory is designed to improve the stability of a four wheel vehicle using direct yaw moment controller. The essential yaw moment is calculated by this robust and applied to the vehicle dynamics model. Quantitative feedback theory controller design is based on a linear model which is assumed as a simple linear handling model, moreover, simulations are carried out based on nonlinear handling dynamics. The results show that the robust controller could overcome the system uncertainties and control the vehicle in various handling maneuvers.http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4051_f7c4ef5fb661a527e50b37f7b3215256.pdfSharif University of TechnologyScientia Iranica1026-309824220170401A modified model for stability analysis of narrow-width NEMS tweezers: Corrections due to surface layer, scale dependency and force distributionsA modified model for stability analysis of narrow-width NEMS tweezers: Corrections due to surface layer, scale dependency and force distributions673683405210.24200/sci.2017.4052ENAli KoochiDepartment of Aerospace Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, 424 Hafez Ave, Tehran, IranHossein Hosseini-ToudeshkyDepartment of Aerospace Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, 424 Hafez Ave, Tehran, IranMohamadreza AbadyanMechanical Engineering Group, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord, IranJournal Article20160426Stability analysis and modeling the electromechanical response of nanotweezers is crucial for reliable design and manufacturing of these nano-devices. Herein, a modified model is developed for static and dynamic stability analysis of nanotweezers with low width to thickness ration (narrow width). The surface elasticity in conjunction with the strain gradient theory is employed to consider the coupled effects of scale dependency i.e. size-dependency of material characteristics and surface layer. The nonlinear governing equation was solved using analytical Rayleigh-Ritz method (RRM). The influence of various parameters including scale dependency, surface stresses, damping parameter and dispersion forces on the stability of the tweezers is addressed. Furthermore the maximum length and the minimum gap of the tweezers are computed which are of the important design parameters.http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4052_435a319abf580da6487183d9c4dfdec9.pdfSharif University of TechnologyScientia Iranica1026-309824220170401High frequency vibrations of quartz crystals subject to initial thermo-mechanical biasHigh frequency vibrations of quartz crystals subject to initial thermo-mechanical bias684697405310.24200/sci.2017.4053ENMohammad Mostafa MohammadiPh.D studentMohsen HamediProfessor of Mechanical engineering in University of TehranHosein DaneshPajoohMS.C. studentJournal Article20151029When a quartz resonator is exposed to an initial mechanical bias, its resonance frequency changes. This change in the resonance frequency is called the forcefrequency effect and isquantified by force frequency coefficient. The experimental data suggest that force frequency coefficient may change due to homogenous thermal biases on the quartzcrystal. In this article, we investigate the effect of initial homogeneous thermal strains on the force frequency effect. Then we derive an explicit formula that predicts the resonance frequency shift of the thickness shear mode of AT-cut quartz crystals. The mathematical model is validated on circular AT-cut quartz crystals at 78 using the experimental results. The model leads to a better understanding of quartz crystal behavior which increases accuracy of pressure sensors in applications suchas down-hole pressure measurement in the oil and gas industry.http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4053_c7b8f09c8783bc9f98ffcf8cb4a2f1a6.pdfSharif University of TechnologyScientia Iranica1026-309824220170401Chemical reaction, soret and dufour effects on MHD mixed convection stagnation point flow with radiation and slip conditionChemical reaction, soret and dufour effects on MHD mixed convection stagnation point flow with radiation and slip condition698706405410.24200/sci.2017.4054ENH. NiranjanInstitute of Mathematical Sciences, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, MalaysiaS. SivasankaranInstitute of Mathematical Sciences, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, MalaysiaM. BhuvaneswariDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, MalaysiaJournal Article20160619The main aim of the present study, the effects of Soret & Dufour on MHD mixed convection flow of a viscous fluid towards a vertical plate embedded in a porous medium in the existence of slip, radiation and chemical reaction. The numerical solutions acquired using shooting method and the governing equations are reformed into ordinary differential equations by similarity transformation. The present results compared with previously presented works are found in good agreement on several distinct cases. The effects of different parameters on velocity, temperature & concentration distributions are illustrated graphically. The variation of diverse parameters on local skin friction, rates of heat and mass transfer are obtainable in tabular arrangement. The velocity, temperature increases on increasing the Dufour parameter and the concentration profiles decreases when chemical reaction parameter increases.http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4054_bf94cca12dd0d2f323d92811a4503feb.pdfSharif University of TechnologyScientia Iranica1026-309824220170401Multilevel optimization of profile of splitter blades in the impeller of a centrifugal compressorMultilevel optimization of profile of splitter blades in the impeller of a centrifugal compressor707714405510.24200/sci.2017.4055ENS.Abolfazl Moussavi TorshiziSharif University of TechnologyAli Hajilouy BenisiProfessorMohammad DuraliProfessorJournal Article20151031In this research a multilevel optimization on the profile of splitter blades of a turbocharger compressor is performed using genetic algorithm in order to improve its performance. Successive corrections of profile at hub, midspan and shroud of splitter blades, with the objective of decreasing incidence losses at the leading edge and adjustment of blade loading at shroud, results in an impeller having improved splitter blades. The impeller flow filed analysis shows the optimization has been successful in reducing flow leakage at the shroud region and as well as losses in leading edge region. Although numerical simulations predict0.5% decrease in pressure ratio at design point, but 2.2 points improvement in isentropic efficiency is calculated. Based on the optimization results a new impeller is designed and manufactured and tested on a turbocharger test bed. Experimental results approve the simulation prediction results on the expected improvement in performancehttp://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4055_1c2d15f0270b8dcd88ef11d599d7e22a.pdfSharif University of TechnologyScientia Iranica1026-309824220170401An analytical method for finding exact solitary wave solutions ofthe coupled (2 1)-dimensional Painlevé Burgers equationAn analytical method for finding exact solitary wave solutions ofthe coupled (2 1)-dimensional Painlevé Burgers equation715726405610.24200/sci.2017.4056ENAhmad NeiramehMostafa EslamiJournal Article20151204In this present study we obtained some new analytical solutions, such as trigonometric function, rational function, and hyperbolic function solutions by using of new extension of the (G'/G)-expansion method to the coupled (2 + 1)-dimensional Painlevé integrable Burgers equation with the aid of the computer software Maple. This method allows to carry out the solution process of nonlinear wave equations more thoroughly and conveniently by computer algebra systems such as the Maple and Mathematica. In addition, some figures of partial solutions are provided for direct-viewing analysis. The method can also be extended to other types of nonlinear evolution equations in mathematical physicshttp://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4056_3cc75b6cc877c47c59e93483a6ada63d.pdfSharif University of TechnologyScientia Iranica1026-309824220170401Stress Analyses in Single Deck and Double Deck Floating Roofs Subjected to Earthquake Ground MotionsStress Analyses in Single Deck and Double Deck Floating Roofs Subjected to Earthquake Ground Motions727739405710.24200/sci.2017.4057ENF.G. GolzarDepartment of Mechanical Eng., Faculty of Eng., Urmia University, Urmia, IranR. ShabaniDepartment of Mechanical Eng., Faculty of Eng., Urmia University, Urmia, IranS. TariverdiloDepartment of Civil Eng., Faculty of Eng., Urmia University, Urmia, IranJournal Article20160724This paper investigates the stress pattern in circular single and double deck floating roofs excited by earthquake ground motion. Variational formulation is employed to derive the governing equations. Response of the floating roofs is evaluated for different classes of ground motions including near field and far field records. Results indicate that far-field earthquakes produce larger wave elevation and different stress patterns emerge in the roof. It is found that the bending stresses in double deck roofs emerge in a smooth and approximately symmetric pattern with a peak around the mid-span. This pattern differs drastically with stress pattern in single deck floating roofs where several unpredictable local stress peaks arise. The results could have practical implications in the design process of floating- roof cylindrical tanks.http://scientiairanica.sharif.edu/article_4057_86c6cbdaa72068ca7a6824dc82ee5c14.pdf